UNIVERSITY OF KERALA B. Tech Degree Course - 2008 Scheme
UNIVERSITY OF KERALA B. Tech Degree Course - 2008 Scheme) REGULATIONS1. Conditions for Admission Candidates for admission to the B.Tech degre~ course shall be required to have passed the,Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala or 12th Standard V.H.S.E., C.B.S.E., I.S.C. or any examination accepted by the university as equivalent thereto obtaining not less than 50% in Mathematics and 50% in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry / Bio- technology/Computer Science/ Biology put together, or a diploma in Engineering awarded by the Board of Technical Education, Kerala or an examination recognized as equivalent thereto after undergoing an institutional course of at least three years securing a minimum of 50 % marks in the final diploma examination subject to the usual concessions allowed for backward classes and other communities as specified from time' to time.2. Duration of the coursei) The course for the B.Tech Degree shall extend over a period of four academic years comprisingof eight semesters. The first and second semester shall be combined and each semester from third semester onwards shall cover the groups of subjects as given in the curriculum and scheme , of examinationii) Each semester shall ordinarily comprise of not less than 400 working periods each of 60 minutes duration 'iii) A candidate who could not complete the programme and pass all examinations within Ten (10) years since his first admission to the B.Tech programme will not be allowed to continue and he has to quit the Programme. However he can be re-admitted to the first year of the programme if he/she satisfies the,.eligibility norms applicable -to the regular candidates prevailing at the time of re-admission.3. Eligibility for the Degree ,Candidates for admission to the degree of bachelor of technology shall be required to have undergone the prescribed course of study in an institution maintained by or affiliated to the University of Kerala for a period of not less than four academic years and to have passed all the examinations specified in the scheme of study.4. Subjects of Study The ,subjects of study shall be in accordance with the scheme and syllabi prescribed5. EvaluationCandidates in each semester will be evaluated both by co[}.tinuous assessment and end semester University examination. The individual maximum marks allotted for continuous assessment and University examination for each subject is as prescribed by the scheme of study.5.1 Continuous Assessment (C.A) .The marks awarded for the continuous assessment will be on the basis of the day-to-day work, periodic tests (minimum two in a semester) and assignments (minimum of three - one each fro~ each module). "The faculty member concerned will do the cont~nuous assessment for each semester. The CA, marks for the individual subjects shall be computed by giving weight age to the following parameters.
Subject 'Attendance Tests Assignmentsl Class WorkTheory Subjects 20% 50% 30%Drawing 20% 40% 40%Practical 20% 40% 40%Project Work Work Assessed by Guide - 50% Assessed by a three member committee out of which one member is the Guide- 50%
- -¬-¬The c.A. marks for the.attendance (20%) for each theory, practical and drawing shall be awarded in full only if the candidate has secured 90% attendance or above in the subject. Proportionate reduction shall be made in the case of subjects in which he/she gets below 90% of the attendance for a subject. The CA marks obtained by the student for all subjects in a semester is to be published at least 5 days before the commencement of the University examinations. Anomalies if any may be scrutinized by the department committee and the final CA marks are forwarded to the university within the ~tipulated time.5.2. End Semester University Examinationsi) There will be University examinations at the end of the first academic year and at the end ofevery semester from third semester onwards in subjects as prescribed under the respeCtive scheme of examinations. Semester classes shall be completed at least 10 working days before the commencement of the University examination.ii) The examination will be held twice in an year - April/May session (for even semester) andOctober/November session (for odd semester). The combined 1st and 2nd semester is reckoned as equivalent to an even semester for the purple of conduct of examination and the University examination will be held during April/May. However Vll and VITI Semester. examination will be conducted in both the sessions. This schedule will not be changed.iii) A student will be permitted to appear for the university examination only if he/she satisfies the following requirements:a. He/she must secure not less than 75% attendance in the total number of working periodsduring the first year and in each semester. thereafter and shall be physically present for a minimum of 60% of the total working periods. In addition, he/she also shall be physically present in at least 50% of total working periods for each subject.b. He must earn a progress certificate from the head of the institution of having satisfactorily completed the course of study in the semester as prescribed by these regulations.c. It shall be open to the Vice-Chancellor to grant condonation of shortage of attendance onthe recommendation of ~e head of the institution in accordance with the folloW"mg norms. d. The attendance shall not be less than 60% of the total working periods.e. He/she shall be physically present for a minimum of 50% of th.e total working periods.f. The shortage shall not be condoned more than twice during the entire course.g. The condonation shall be granted subject to the rules and procedures prescribed by the university from time to time. .h. The condonation for combined 1st and 2nd semesters will be reckoned' as a single condonation for attendance purposes.iv) A student who is not permitted to appear for the University examinations for a particular semester due to (he shortage of attendan<;e a,nd not .permitted by the authorities for condonation of shortage of attendance shall repeat the semester when it is offered again. This provision is allowed only once for a semester.v) The university will conduct examinations for all subjects (Theory, Drawing & Practical).vi) The scheme of valuation will be decided by the chief examiner for theory / drawing subjects.vii) For practical examinations, the examiners together will decide the marks to be awarded. Thestudent shall produce the certified record of the work done in the laboratory during the examination. .The evaluation of the candidate should be as per the guidelines given in the ,syllabus for the practical subject.6. Letter Grades .For each subject in a semester, based on the total marks obtained by the studertt in the University examination and Continuous assessment put together a letfer grade (S,A+, A, B+, B, C+, C, D, E and F) will be awarded. All letter grades except 'F' will be awarded if the marks for the University examination is 40 % or above and the total mark (CA. marks + University Exam marks) is 50 % or above. No absolute mark will be indicated in the grade card. Letter grade corresponding to total marks (C.A. marks+ University Exam mark) and the corresponding grade point in a ten-point scale is described below.
~% of Total marks Letter Grade Point Remarks(C.A marks + University Exam marks) Grade (G.P.} 90 % and above S 10 Excellent85 % and above but less than 90% A+ 9 80 % and above but less than 85% A 8.5 75 % and above but less than 80% B+ 8 70 % and above but less than 75% B 7.5 65 % and above but less than 70% C+ 7 60 % and above but less than 65% C 6.5 55 % and above but less than 60% D 6 50 % and above but less than 55% E 5.5 Below 50% (C.A+ V.E) or F 0 below 40% for V.E Failed~7. . Grade Point Average (GPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) Grade point average is the semester wise average points obtained by each student in a lO-pointscale. GPA for a particular semester is calculated as per the calculation shown below. I Credit x GP A obtained for the subjectGPA= ~cd. ~b.L.J re Its lor su ~ect Cumulative Grade point Average (CGPA) is the average grade points obtained by the studentstill the end Of any particular semester. CGPA is calculated in a lO-point scale as shown below. I Credits for semester x GP A obtained for'the semesterCGPA= ~cd . ~ .L.J re Its lor semesterGP A and CGP A shall be rounded to two decimal points. The Grade card issued to the students shall contain subject number and subject name, credits for the subject, letter grades obtained, GP A for the semester and CGP A up to that particular semester. In addition to the grade cards for each semester all successful candidate shall also be issued a consolidated statement grades. On specific request from a candidate and .after remitting the prescribed fees the University shall issue detailed marks to the individual, candidate.S. Minimum for a passa) A candida:te .shall be declared to have passed a semester examination in full in the first appearance i£-he/she secures not less than 5.5 GPA with a minimum of 'E' grade for the all individual subject in that semester.b) A candidate shall be declared to have passed in an individual subject of a semester examination if he/she secures grade 'E' or above. c) A candidate who does not secure a full pass in a semester examination as per clause (a) above will have to pass in all the subjects of the semester examination as per clause (b) above before he is declared to have passed in that semester examination in full.9. Improvement of Gradesi) A candidate shall be allowed to re-appear for a maximum of two subjects of a semesterexamination in order to improve the marks and hence the grades already obtained subject to ~he following conditions: .a) The candidate shall be permitted to improve the examination only along with next available chance.b) The candidate shall not be allowed to appear for an improvement examination f0r the subjects of the VII & Vlll semesters.
Ic) The grades obtained by the candidate for each subject in the improvement chance he has appeared for or the already existing grades - whichever is better will be reckoned as the grades secured. ' d) First & Second semester will be counted as a single chance and they can improve a maximum of three subjects. ii) A candidate shall be allowed to repeat the course work in one or more semesters in order to better the c.A. marks already obtained, subject to the following conditions: a) He/she shall repeat the course work in a particular semester only once and that too at the earliest opportunity offered to him/her. b) He/she shall not combine this course work with his/her regular course work. c) He/she shall not be allowed to repeat the course work of any semester if he has already passed that semester examination in full. d) The C.A marks obtained by the repetition of the course work will b,e considered for all purposes. .iii) A candidate shall be allowed to withdraw from the whole examination of a semester in accordance with the rules for cancellation of examination of the University of Kerala.10. Classification of Successful candidatesi) A candidate who qualifies for the degree passing all the subjects of the eight semesters within five academic years (ten consecutive semesters after the commencement of his/her course of study) and secures not less than 8 CGPA up to and including eighth semester (overall CGPA) shall be declared to have passed the B.Tech degree examination in FIRST CLASS WITH DISTINCTION.ii) A candidate who qualifies for the degree passing all the subjects of the eight semesters within five academic years (ten consecutive semesters after the commencement of his/her course of study) and secures less than 8 CGP A but not less than 6.5 CGP A up to and including eighth semester shall be declared to have passed the B.Tech degree exammation in FIRST CLASS.iii) All other successful candidates shall be declared to have passed the B.Tech'Degree examination in SECOND CLASS.iv) Successful candidates who complete the examination in four academic years (Eight consecutive semesters after the commencement of the course of study shall be ranked branch-wise on the basis of the CGPA in all eight semesters put together. In the case of a tie in the CGPA the total marks of the students who have got same CGP A shall be considered for finalizing the rank. Students who pass the examination in supplementary examination are also covered under .this clause.11. Educational Tour a) The students may undertake one educational tour preferably after fourth semester of the course and submit a tour report. . b) The tour may be conducted during the vacation / holidays taking not more than 5 working days, combined with the vacation / holidays if required. Total number ot Tour days shall not exceed 15 days: c) The tour period shall be considered as part of the working periods of a. semester12. Revision of RegulationsThe university may from time to time revise, amend or change the regulations, curriculum, scheme of examinations and syllabi. These changes unless specified otherwise, will have effect from the beginning of the academic year / semester following the notification of the University.
.J, . University of KeralaScheme of study for the B. Tech, Combined I and II Semesters, 2008 scheme , (Common for all branches)Course Name of Subject, Weekly load Max. Exam Exam CreditsNo. hours c:ional .Dur max L T DIP marks Hrs. marks 08.101 Engineering Mathematics 2 1 0 50 3 100 608)02 Engineering Physics 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.103 Engineering Chemistry 2 1 0 50. 3 100 608.104 Engineering Graphics 1 0 2 50 3 100 608.105 Engineering Mechanics 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.106 Basic Civil Engineering 2 1 0 50 3' 100 608.107 Basic Mechanical Engineering 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.108 Basic Electrical and 'Electronics Engineering 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.109 Ba!?ic Communication and 2 1 0 50 3., 100 6 Information Engineering 08.110 Engineering Workshops 0 0 2 50 3 100 4 Total 17 8 4 500 1000 58..The subject 08.109 will be handled by the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering.08-101 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICSL-T-P: 2-1-0 Credits: 6MODULE- 1Applications of differentiation:- Definition of Hyperbolic functions and their derivatives-Successive,differentiation- Leibnitz' Theorem (without proo£)- Curvature- Radius of curvature-centre of curvature¬Evolute (Cartesian .polar and para~etric forms) .Partial differentiation and applications:- Partial derivatives- Eulers theorem on homogeneous functions- Total derivatives- Jacobians- Errors and approximations- Taylor's series (one and two variables) - Maxima and minima of functions of two variables-Lagrange's method- Leibnitz rule on differentiation under integral sign.Vector differentiation and applications :- Scalar and vector functions- differentiation of vector functions-Velocity and acceleration- Scalar and vector fields- Operator V- Gradient- Physical interpretation of gradient- Directional derivative- Divergence- Curl- Identities involving V (no proof) - Irrotational and solenoidal fields - Scalar potential.MODULE-nLaplace transforms:- Transforms of elementary functions - shifting property- Inverse transforms¬Transforms of derivatives and integrals- Transform functions multiplied by t and divided by t - . Convolution theorem(without proof)- Transforms of unit step function, unit impulse function and periodic functions-second shifiting theorem- Solution of ordinary differential equations with constant coefficientsusing Laplace transforms. ,Differential Equations and Applications:- Linear differential eqations with constant coefficients¬Method of variation of parameters - Cauchy and Legendre equations -Simultaneous linear equationswith constant coefficients-. Application to orthogonal trajectories (cartisian form only). '
MODULE-IIIMatrices:-Rank of a matrix- Elementary transformations- Equivalent matrices- Inverse of a matrix by Gauss-Jordan method- Echelon form and normal form- Linear dependence and independence of vectors¬Consistency- Solution of a system linear equations-Non homogeneous and homogeneous -equations¬Eigen values and eigen vectors - Properties of eigen values and cigen vectors-Cayley Hamilton thcorcm(no proof) - Diagonalisation - Quadratic forms-Reduction to canoniccd forms-Nature of quadratic forms-Definiteness, rank, signature and Index.REFERENCES1. Kreyszig; Advanced Engineering Mf'thematics, Sib edition, Wiley Eastern.2. Peter 0' Neil; Advanced Engineering Mathematic$, Thomson3. B.S.Grewal; Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers4. B.V.Ramana; Higher Engineering Mathematics, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 20065. Michel D Greenberg; Advanced Engineering Mathematics,Pearsor\ Jnternational 6. Sureshan J, Nazarudeen and Roy:son; Engineering Mathematics, Zenith Publications08.102 ENGINEERING PHYSICSL-T-P: 2-1- 0Credits: 6MODULE-IOscillations and WavesBasic ideas of harmonic oscillations - Differential equation of a SHM ang its solution. Theory of damped harmonic oscillations. Quality factor. Theory of forced harmonic oscillations and resonance. Types ofwaves. One dimensional waves - Differential Equation. Harmoni<;: waves. Three- dimensional waves ¬Differential Equation and solution. Plane waves and spherical ",:aves. Energy in wave motion. Velocity of transverse waves along a stretched string.Electromagnetic TheoryDel operator - grad. div, curl and their physical significance. Concept of displacement current. Deduction of Maxwell's equations. Prediction of electromagnetic waves. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. E and H are at right angles. Poynting's theorem (qualitative only)Physics of SolidsSpace lattice. Unit cell and lattice parameters. Crystal systems. Co-ordination number and packing factor with reference to simple cubic, body centered cubic and face centered cubic crystals. Directions and planes. Miller indices. Interplanar spacing in terms of Miller indices. Super conductivity - Meissner effect. Type-I and Type-ll superconductors. BCS theory (qualitative). High temperature superconductors. Applications of superconductors. Introduction to new materials (qualitative) -Metallic glasses, Nano materials. Shape memory alloys, Bio materials.MODULE- IIInterference of LightConcept of temporal and spatial coherence. Interference ~n thin films and wedge shaped films. Newton's rings. Michelson's Interferometer. Determination of wave length and thickness. Interference filters. Antireflection coating.Diffraction of LightFresnel and Fraunhoffer -diffraction. Fraunhoffer diffraction at a single slit. Fraunhoffer diffraction at a circular aperture (qualitative). Rayleigh's criterion for resolution. Resolving power of telescope and
--- - --¬,= "~- ---¬microscope. Plane transmission grating. Resolving power of grating. Grating equation. X-ray diffraction. Bragg's law.Polarization of LightTypes of polarized light. Double refraction. Nicol Prism. Retardation plates. Theory of plane, circular and elliptically polarized light. Production and analysis of circularly and elliptically polarized light. Polaroids. Induced birefringence. Photo elasticity- isoclinic and isochromatiC fringes - photo elastic bench.Special Theory of RelativityMichelson-Morley experiment. Einstein's postulates, Lorentz transformation equations (no derivation). Simultaneity. Length contraction. Time dilation. Velocity addition. Relativistic mass. Mass energy relation. Mass less particle.J IMODULE-IIIQuantum MechanicsDual nature of matter. Wave function. Uncertainty principle. Energy and momentum operators. Eigen values and functions. Expectation values, Time Dependent and Time Independent Schrodinger equations. Particle in one dimensional box. Tunnelling (qualitative).Statistical Mechanics'Macrostates and Microstates. Phase space. Basic postulates of Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics. Distribution equations in the three cases (no derivation). Bosons and fermions. Density of states. Derivation of Planck's formula., Free electrons in a metal as a Fermi gas. Fermi energy.LaserEinstein's coefficients. Population inversion and stimulated emission. Optical resonant cavity. Ruby Laser, Helium-Neon Laser, Carbon dioxide Laser (qualitative). Semiconductor Laser (qualitative). Holography. Fiber 'Optics - Numerical Aperture and acceptance angle. Types of optical fibers. Applications.REFERENCE:1. Sears & Zemansky : University Physics. XI Edn.,; Pearson2. Frank & Leno; Introduction to Optics. III Edn.. , Pean;on3. rc. Upadhyaya; Mechanics., Ram Prasad & Sons4. David J Griffiths,! Introduction to Electrodynam,ics, III Edn. , Pearson5. M Ali Omar; Elementary Solid State Physics., Pearson6. SO Pillai, Solid State Plzysics.. New Age International Publishers7. John R Taylor, Chris 0 Zafiratos & Michael A Dubson; Modem Physics for Scientists andEngineers. II Edn. Prentice Hall of India8. Eugene Hecht, Optics. IV Edn, Pearson9. Robert Resnick: Introduction to Special Relativity.. John Willet) and Sons10. Richard 1., Libboff Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. IV Edn. Pearson11. D~nald A Mcquarrie; Statistical Mechanics., Vivo Books12. Mark Ratner& Daniel Ratner; Nanotechnology.13. T.A. Hassan at al: A Text Book of Engineering Physics., Aswathy Publishers, Trivandrum. 14. B. Premlet; Advanced Engineering Physics, Phasor Books. Kollam.
LIST OF DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENTS1. Newto~'s Rings - Determination of wave length.2. Air Wedge - Diameter of a thin wire.3. Spectrometer - Plane transmission grating - wavelength of light.4. Spectrometer - Refractive indices of calcite for the ordinary and extraordinary rays. 5. Laser - Diffraction at a narrow slit.6. Laser - Diffraction at a straight wire or circular ap~rture.7. Michelson's interferometer - Wavelength of light.8. Michelson's interferometer - Thickness of thin transparent film.9. Polarization by reflection - Brewster's law.10. Computer stimulation - superposition of waves.11. Computer stimulation study of E & II. (Gauss' Law & Ampere's Law).Pattern of Question Paper University examination is for a maximum of 100 marks, in 3 hour duration. The syllabus is spread in 3modules. The question paper will consist of two parts (A and B). Part A contains short answer questions for 40 marks. This part contains 10 questions without anychoice, each of 4 marks (uniformly taken from all modules).Part B contains long ans~er questions for 60 marks. From each module, this pan contains 3 questions out of which 2 are to be answered, each of 10 marks. Long answer questions from all the 3 modules will form 60 ~~. '08.103 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRYL-T-T: 2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE-1Electro chemistry - Electrodes- Electrode potential- Origin of electrode potential- Helmotz double layer- Nemst equation and application- Reference electrodes- Standard hydrogen electrode- Saturated calomel electrode- Quinhydron electrode-Determination of pH using these electrodes- Concentration cells- Fuel cells- Secondary cells- Lead acid cell- Nickel cadmium cell-lithium-ion cell. - Coductometric and Potentiometric titrations (acid base, oxidation reduction and precipitation titrations). (12 hrs)Corrosion and' its control- Theories of corrosion (chemical corrosion and electro-chemical corrosion) - Galvanic series- Types of corrosion (Concentration cell corrosion. Stress corrosion. Galvanic corrosion) - Factors affecting corrosion (nature of metal and nature of environment) and different methods of corrosion control (corrosion inhibitors, cathodic protection). (5 hrs)Protective coatings- Metallic coatings- ~hemical conversion coatings- paint (4 hrs)~ano materials- Introduction-Classification-prepfration (laser abrasion technique and sputtering technique)- Chemical method (reduction)-Properties and Applications of Nano materials-Nano tubes¬Nano wires. (4 hrs)MODULE-2Water treatment- Types of hardness- Degree of hardness- Related problems- Estimation of hardness¬by EDT A method- Sludge and scales in boilers- Priming and foaming- Boiler corrosion-Water softening
"methods. Lime-soda process, Ion exchange methods-Internal treatments (colloidal, carbonate, phosphate and calgon conditioning)- Domestic water treatment- Methods of disinfection of water-Desalinationprocess (Reverse osmosis, electro dialysis- Distilla~on). (12 hrs)Envimmental damages and prevention- Air 'pollution- CFCs and ozone depletion-Alternative' refrigerents-Green house effect-Water pollution- BOD and COD- Waste water treatment- AerQbic ¬Anaerobic and USAB processes. (3 hrs)Thermal methods of analysis-Basic principles involved in Thermo gravimetry. Differential thermalanalysis and applications. (2 hrs)Spectroscopy- Molecular energy levels-Types of molecular spectra- Electronic spectra (Classification of electroniC transitions- Beer Lambert's Law) Vibrational spectra (mechanism of interaction and application), Rotationa.1 spectra (Determination of bond length and application). NMR spectra (Basicprinciple, chemical shift, spin-spin splitting) (6 hrs)Chromatography- General principles- High performance liquid chromatography- Gas chromatography. . (2 hrs)MODULE-3Polymers- Classifications- Mechanism of polymarisation (Addition, free radical, cationic. anionic and 'coordination polymarisation)- Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics-Compounding of plastics¬Moulding techniques of plastics (Compression, Injection, Transfer and Extrusion moulding)-Preparation, properties and uses of PVC, PV A, PMMA, Nylon. PET. Bakelite, Urea formaldehyde resin-Silicon polymers- Bio-degradable plastics. Elastomers- strutture of natural rubber- vulcanisation-syntheticrubbers (Buna-S, Butyl rubber and Neoprene) , (12 hrs)Organo electronic compounds -Super conaucting and conducting organic materials like Polyaniline, polyacetylene and polypyrrol and its applications.(2 hrs) Fuels- Calorific value- HCV and LCV-Experimcntal determination of calorific value-Theoretical calculation of calorific value by Dulongs formula - Bio fuels -Bio hydrogen and Bio-diesel(5 hrs) Lubricants- Introduction-Mechanism of lubrication- solid and liquid lubricant- Properties of lubricants¬Viscosity inc;lex- flash and fire point- cloud and pour point- aniline value. (4 hrs)Cement- Manufacture of Portland cement- Theory of setting and hardening of cement (2 hrs)LAB-EXPERIMENTS (DEMONSTRATION ONLY)1. Estimation of total hardness in water using EDT A.2. Estimation of chloridt! ions in domestic water.3. Estimation of dissolved oxygen.4. Estimation of COD in sewage water.5. Estimation of available chlorine in bleaching powder.6. Estimation of copper in brass.7. Estimation of iron in a sample of heamatite.8. Determination of flash and fire point of a lubricating oil by Pensky Marten's apparatus. 9. Potentiometric titrations.10. Preparation of buffers and standardisation of pH meter.11. Determination of molarity of HC1 solution PH-metrically.12. Determinations of pH using glass electrode and quinhydron electrode.10
¬REFERENCES1. H.A Willard, L.L. Merrit and J.A Dean; Instrumental methods of analysis2. AK De ; Environmental Chemistry3. KJ.KIauhunde; Nanoscale materials in chemistry4. B.R Gowariker : Polymer science5. B.W.Gonser ; Modern materials6. V.Raghavan; Material Science and engineering. A first course7. L.H. VanVlack; Elements of Material science and Engineering8. J.W.Goodby ; Chemistry of liquidcrystals9. . S.GIasstone; A text book of physical chemistry10. P.c. Jain; Engineering Chemistry11. Juhaina Ahad; Engineering Chemistry12. Shashi Chawla; A text book of Engineering Chemistry13. R Gopalan, D. Venkappayya & S. Nagarajan; Engineering Chemistry14. J.e. Kuriaka;e andJ. Rajaram; ChemistryofEngineer!ngand Technology Volume 1 & 1115. RN Goyal and Harmendra Goeal; Engineering Chemistry,Ane Students Edition, Thiruvananthapuram.08.104 ENGINEERING GRAPHICSL-T-D: 1-0-2CREDITS: 6INTRODUCTION: Introduction to technical drawing and its language. Lines, lettering, dimensioning, scaling of figures, symbols and drawing instruments. (1 sheet practice) MODULE 1PLAIN CURVES: Conic sections by eccentricity method. Construction of ellipse: (i) Arc of circles method (ii) Rectangle method (ii) Concentric cifdes method. Construction of parabola (i) Rectangle method (ii) Tangent method. Construction of hyperbola (i) Arc of circles method (ii) given ordinate. abscissa and the transverse axis (ill) given the asymptotes and a point on the curve. Construction of Tangent and Normal at any point on these curves.MISCELLANEOUS CURVES: Construction of Cycloid, Epicycloid and Hypoeycloid. Involute of a circle. Archimedian spiral, Logarithmic spiral and Helix. Construction of Tangent and Normal at any point on these curves.PROJECI10N OF POINTS AND LINES:_ Types of projections. Principles of Orthographic projection. Projections of points and lines. Determination of true length, inclination with planes of projection and traces of lines.. MODULE II PROJECTION OF SOLIDS: Projection of simple solids such as prisms, pyramids, cone, cylinder, tetrahedron, octahedron, sphere and their auxiliary projections.SECTIONS OF SOLIDS: Types of cutting planes, section of simple solids cut by parallel, perpendicular and inclined cutting planes. Their projectioris and true shape of cut sections.DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACEs: Development of surfaces of (i) simple solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder and cone (ii) Cut regular solids.
¬'::::~MODULE III ISOMETRIC PROJECTION:Isometric scale, Isometric view and projections of simple solids like prisms,pyramids, cylinder, cone sphere, frustum of solids and also their combinations.INTERSECTION OF SURFACES: Intersection of surfaces of two solids as given below.(i) Cylinder and cylinder(ii) Prism and prism,(iii) Cone and Cylinder(Only cases where the axes arc perpendicular to each other and intersecting with or without offset.)PERSPECTIVE PROJECTION: Principles of perspective projection, definition of perspective terminology. Perspective projection of simple solids like prisms and pyramids in simple positions.CAD: Introduction to CAD systems, Benefits of CAD, Various Softwares for CAD. Demonstration of anyone CAD software.General Note:(i) First angle projection to be followed.(ii) Question paper shall contain 3 questions from each module, except from CAD. Students are require~ to answer any two questions from each module.(iii) Distribution of marks Module-1 2x16 = 32 Module-n 2x17 = 34 Module III 2 x 17 = 34100REFERENCES1. Luzadder and Duff; Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing 2. N. D. Bhatt; Engineering Drawing3. K Venugopal; Engineering Drawing and Graphics4. P.S. Gill; ~ngineering Graphics5. P.I. Varghese; Engineering Graphics6. KR. Gopalakrishnan; Engineering Drawing7. Thamaraselvi; Engineering Drawing8. KC.John; Engineering Graphics9. KN. Anil Kumar; Engineering Graphics
-...~08.105 ENGINEERING MECHANICSL-T-P: 2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE I (20 HRS) Idealizations of Mechanics- Elements of vector algebraStatics of rigid bodies-Classification of force systems- principle of transmissibility of a force-composition and resolution- Resultant and Equilibrant of coplana'r concurrent force systems-various analytical method - Lami's theorem, method of resolution- Conditions of equilibrium-Moment of a force, couple, properties of c~>uple- Varignon's theorem- Resultant and equilibrant of coplanar non-concurrent force systems¬Conditions of equilibrium. Equilibrium of rigid bodies-free body diagrams.(simple problems)Types of supports - types of beams - types of loading- Support reactions of simply supported and overhanging beams under different types of loading. Forces in space, equations of equilibrium. Vector approach. Friction-Laws of friction-angle of friction- cone of friction- ladder friction- wedge friction.MODULE II (20 HRS)Properties ot surfaces- centroid o~ composite areas- Theorems of Pappus-Gouldinus- Moment of inertia of areas. Parallel and perpendicular axes tl1.eorems- Radius of Gyration- moment of inertia of composite areas.Dynamics: Kinematics-Combined motion of Iranslation and rotation-instantaneous centre, motion of link, motion of connecting rod and piston, wheel rolling without slipping. Relative velocity - basic concepts-analysis of different types of problems.Kinetics- Newton's Laws of translatory motion- D' Alembert's principle- Motion of lift- Motion of connected bodies. .MODULE III (20 HRS)Work., Power and Energy - Work-Energy principle-Impulse. Momentum.Collision of elastic bodies-Law of conservation of momentum-Direct and oblique impact betweenelastic bodies and impact with fixed plane. .Curvilinear motion- D' Alembert's principle in curvilinear motion- Mass moment of inertia of rings, solid discs and solid spheres (no derivations requircd)Angular momentum-Angular impulse. • Kinetics of rigid b04ies under combined tnmslalory and rotational motion work energy principle for rigid bodies.Centrifugal and centripetal forces - motion of vehicles on curved paths in horizontal and vertical planes - super elevation - stability of vehicles moving in curved paths (qualitative ideas only). Simple. harmonic motion - vibration of mechanical systems - basic elements of a vibrating system - spring mass model - undamped free vibrations - angular free vibration - simple pendulum.REFERENCES:1. Beer & Johnston. "Vector Mechanics for Engineers Statics and Dynamics", Tata McGraw HillPublishing Company Limited. New Delhi. 2005.2. Irving. n. Shames, "Engineering Mechanics", Prentic~ Hall Book Company. 1966.3. Timoshenko S. & Young D. H. "Engineering Mechanics", Mc-Graw Hill-International Edition 4. Popov, "Mechanics of Solids", Pearson Education,20075. Kumar K.L., "Engineering Mechanics", Tata Mc-Graw Hill PublishiI1g Company Limited,New Delhi, 1998.6. Rajasekaran S. & Sankarasubramanian G., "Engineering Mechanics". Vikas Publishing HousePrivate Limited, New Delhi. 2003.7. Tayal A K, "Engineering Mechanics- Statics and Dynamics", Umesh Publications, Delhi, 2004 8. Benjamin J., "Engineering Mechanics", Pentex Book Publishers and Distributors," Kollam, 2008Note Question For University Examination:- Part A - 8 compulsory questions covering entire syllabus, 5 marks each.(5x8= 40) Pan B - Three questions of 10 marks from each module, out of which Two should be answered (10 x 2 x 3 = liD).
08.106 BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING., ,L-T-P-2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE ISurveying: Object and Principles of Surveying.Linear Measurements: Direct measurements - Tape & chain only - Ranging out survey lines- Taking measurements of sloping ground - Errors - Tape correction (problems).Levelling: Levelling instruments - Level (Dumpy Level, Tilting Level) Levelling Staff. ..Measurements in levell~g - Temporary adjustments of a level, holding the staff, reading the staff.- ,Principles of leveling - recording measurements in the field book - reduction of level - height of. collimation method only (simple examples). .Contour maps (Brief description only). Computation of areas - Mid-ordinate rule, average ordinaterule. Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rule (examples)- Introduction to Distomat. Total Station & GPS (Briefdescription only)MODULE IIBuilding construction: Selection of site for buildings - types of buildings - Components"of buildings. Foundation: Different types - Spread footing, Isolated footing. Combined footing. Mat foundation, Pile foundation (description only).Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil: Importance of determination of the Safe Bearing Llpacity of'Soil (brief description only).Super structure: Masonry - stone masonry, brick masonry -Types- desirable qualities of stone and brick.Partition: Materials used for making partition - plywood, particle boards & glass.Doors, windows & ventilators : Types -materials used for the construction of doors and windows ¬wood, steel & Alumfuium.Plastering: Mortar - properties - Preparation of Cement mortarPainting: Preparation of surfaces for painting - plastered, wood and steel surfaces- Types of paint ¬enamel, emulsion & distemper. Flooring: Types - mosaic tiles, ceramic tiles, marble, granite and synthetic materials. Roofing: Selection of type of roof -flat roof, sloping roof - Concrete roof, tiled roof. Selection of roof covering materials. GI Sheet, AC Sheet. PVC Sheet.MODULE IIIConcrete: Ingredients- cement, aggregate, water. Qualities of ingredients (brief description only). Tests on Cement - consistency, initial and final setting times. Compressive strength -IS $pecifications. Aggregates - desirable qualities of fine and coarse aggregates.Plain Cement Concrete (Pcq preparation-proportioning-mixing of concrete.Steel-common types used in construction- Mild Steel, HYSD Steel and their properties.Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCq-advantages of RCC over Plain Cement Concrete.Elementary ideas on pre-cast and pre-stressed concrete constructions. "Building services - vertical transportation - stairs - types, escalators and elevators, ramps (brief description only). Plumbing services- brief description of water supply and sewage disposal arrangements for residential buildings.REFERENCE:1. Adler Roo Vertical Transportation for Buildings, American Elsevier Publishing Company, New York.19702. B.C Punmia. "Surveying & Leveling" Vol. - I, Laxmi Publications(p) Ltd.N.Delhi, 2004 3. Rangwala., Building Materials,Charotar publishing house, 20014. Rangwala. "Building Construction" , Charotar Publishing House., 2004
5. S.K. Roy, "Fundamentals of Surveying" Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi.2004.6. Rangwala. "Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering', Charotar Publishing House.19907. Moorthy, "Building Construction", Modem Publishing House distributor., 1957 .8. Jha and Sinha, "Construction and Technology"9. Narayanan and Lalu Mangal "Introduction to Civil Engineering" Phsor Books, Kollam.10. Santba Mimi, "Basic Civil Engineering" Karunya Pubijcations.TrivandrumNote: The question paper will consist of two parts. Part I and part IL, Part I is Compulsory covering the entire syllabus, for 40 marks. It contains 8 questions of 5 marks each. Part II is to cover 3 modules. There will be two questions (20 marks each) from each module out of which one from each module is to be answered. (20 X 3 = 60)08.107 BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGL-T-PID : 3-1-0 .Credits: 6MODULE IThermo-dynamics : Basic concepts and definitions of Zeroth law, First law, Second Law of thermo¬dynamics- concept of reversibility and entropy, p-v and T-s diagrams Air cycles; Camot, Otto and Diesel cycles-Air standard efficiency (simple problems) .IC Engines: Working and comparison of two stroke and four stroke petrol and diesel engines-general description of various systems using block diagrams - air system, fuel system, ignition system and . governing system.. A brief description of CRDI, MPFI, GDI and Hybrid Vehicles. .Steam boilers: Oassification - Cochran boiler, Babcock and Wilcox boiler, Benson boiler- fluidized bed combustion,MODULE IIPrinciples and fields of application of - compressors - reciprocating and centrifugal blower, pumps¬t:eciprocating, centrifugal and let pumps, steam and hydraulic turbines- impulse and reaction, gas turbine cycles- open and closed..Elementary idea's of hydro electric, thermal and nuclear power plants.. Refrigeration & Air Conditioning: Refrigerants, CFC ftee refrigerants. Vapor q)mpression refrigeration system, Comfort and Industrial air-conditioning-typical window air conditioning unit (generaldescription only).MODULE IIIMechanical Power transmission systems: Belt, rope and gear drives-types, comparison and fields of application-velocity ratio-slip (simple problems) friction disc, single plate clutch, gear trains (no derivations).Manufacturing processes: Elementary ideas of casting, forging, rolling, welding, soldering and brazing.Machining processes- turning, taper turning, thread cutting, shaping, drilling, grinding, milling (simplesketches and'short notes). .Non conventional machining - Electro discharge machining (EDM) and Electro chemical machining (ECM). Principle, application and advantages of C N C machine.REFERENCES1. Spalding and Cole, "Engineering Thermodynamics"2. Gill, Smith and Zuirys, "fundamentals of IC Engines"3. .Amstead, Ostwald and Begeman, "Manufacturing processes" 4. Crouse, "Automobile Engineering"
-¬-¬-¬5. Roy and Choudhary. "Elements of Mechanical Engineering"6. Hajra Choudhary, "Workshop Technology"7. R K Bensal, "Fluid mechanics and machines"8. J Benjamin, "Basic Mechanical Engineering"Note: Lectures are to be supplemented by demonstration in laboratories.Note: The question paper will consist of two parts. Part I is to be compulsory for 40 marks. This may contain 10questions of4 marks each. Part II is to cover 3 modules. There can be 3 questions from each module (10 marks each) out of which 2 are to be answered.08.108 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERINGL-T-P:2-1-0Credits 6MODULE-IElementary concepts - Kirchoffs laws.- Magnetic Circuits - MMF, field strength, flux density, reluctance - problems in series magnetic circuits. Review of electromagnetic induction -Faraday's laws, Lenz's law - statically induced and dynamically induced emf - self and mutual induction - inductance.Alternating current fundamentals - generation of alternating currents - waveforms - frequency -period - average and rms values - form factor. Phasor rept:esentation of alternating quantities -reftangular polar and exponential forms.Analysis of simple ac circuits - concept of impedance and admittance - phasor representation -notation - power and power factor in ac circuits - active and reactive components. Solution of RL. RC and RLC series circuits-Three phase systems - generation of three phase voltage - star and delta connection ¬relation between phase and line values of voltage and current - phasor representation - three wire and four wire systems.Measurement of power in three phase circuits (two watt meter method). Measurement of energy¬working of I-phase energy meter.MODULE-IITransformers - Principle of operation - EMF equation - constructional details of single phase and three phase transformers.Methods of bulk generation of electric power. Block schematic of layout of generating stations¬hydr<:>electric, thermal and nuclear power plants. Renewable energy sources - solar, wind, tidal, wave and geothermal energy.Bulk transmission of electric power - typical electrical power transmission scheme - need for high transmission voltage-substations - substation equipments. Primary and secondary transmission and distribution systems.Different methods of wiring for LT installations. Schematic layout of LT switchboards. Earthing of installati~ns - necessity of earthing - plate and pipe earthing. Protective fuses. MCBs, ELCBs and switches.Working of incandescent lamps, -fluorescent lamps, energy efficient lamps.
====..MODULE-IIIDiodes - PN junction diodes,. V-I characteristics, dynamic & static resistance, principle of working and V-I characteristics of Zener diode, principle of Photo diode. Solar cell, & LED.Rectifiers & power supplies - block di'agram description of a dc power supply, circuit diagram & working of half-wave & full wave rectifier, final equations of Vrms, Vdc. ripple factor and peak inverse voltage in each case, principle of working of series inductor and shurit capacitor filters. Working of simple zener voltage regulator.Power devices - V I characteristics and applications of SCR and Triac Working principle of UPSandSMPS.Transducers - Resistance strain guage. thermistor, L VDT. .REFERENCES1. V.N. Mitlle. "Basic Electrical Engineering", Tata McGraw Hill, 1990.2. DP Kothari, L.I Nagrath, "Theory and Problems of Basic Electrical Engineering", Prentice Hall of India, 2000.3. B.L. Thereja. "A Text Book of Electrical Technology"', Volume I, S Chand & Co. New Delhi. 1992.4. Francis M I ernandex. "A Basic Course in Electrical Engineering'l, Rajath Publishers, Ernakulam. 5. TP ImthiasAhmed. B. Premlet, "Introduction to Electrical Engineering", Phaser Books. Kollam 6. Gopakumar, "Introduction To Electronics and Conununications", .Phaser Books, Kollam7. Millman and Halkias, "Integrated Electronics: Analog. and digital circuits and systems", McGraw Hill Book Co Edward Hughes, "Electrical and Electronic Technology", Pearson Education. 2002. 8. ML Soni, PU Guptha, US Bhatnagar and A Chakrabarthy, "A Text Book on Power System Engineering", Dhanpath Rai & Sons. New Delhi 1997 N.N.Bhargava, "Basic Electronics andLinear Circuits", T.M.H.9. N.N.Bhargava, "Basic Electronics and Linear Circuits", Tata McGraw Hill10. Rangan e.S., Sarma G.R., and Mani V.S.V., "Instrumentation Devices and Systems", Tata McGraw Hill, 1992.11. Muhammad H. Rashid, "Power Electronic Circuits, Devices and Applications", Pearson education, Asia 2003. Note: The Question paper will consist of two parts. Part A is to -be compulsory for 40 marks (10 questions of 4 marks each). Part-B is 10 cover 3 modules for 60 marks. (50% choice- One out of Two or Two out of four from each module).
¬08.109 BASIC COMMUNICA nON AND INFORMA nON ENGINEERING.L-T-P: 2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE (Qualitative Treatment)(a) Bipolar junction transistors: NPN &: PNP transistors, structure, typical doping, working of NPN transistor, concepts of common base, common emitter &: common collector configurations, current gain of each, input & output characteristics of common' emitter configuration, comparison of three'configurations with reference to voltage &: current gain, input &: output resistances and applications. (6 hrs)(b) Field effect Transistors: basic principles of }FET, MESFET and MOSFET, comparison with Bff. . (3 hrs)(c) Amplifiers & Oscillators:. circuit diagram & working of common emitter amplifier, function of each ~omponent in the circuit, need of proper biasing, frequency response, voltage gain and 3dB bandwidth, concepts of class A, B, AB and Class C power amplifiers, circuit diagram &: working of push pull amplifiers. concepts of feedback, working principles of oscillators, circuit diagram & workingof RC phase shift oscillator (7 hrs)(d) Integrated circuits: advantages of ICs, analog and digital ICs. functional block diagram of operational amplifier, ideal operational amplifier' use 'as inverting amplifier, non inverting amplifier, summingamplifier, integrator and comparator. (4 hrs)(e) Digital ICs;logic gates, realization of logic functions, principle of combinational and sequential logic circuits, fiip fiop (JK), logic families: TTL and CMOS Logic (No internal diagram)(4 hrs) (f) IC fabrication: purification of silicon, crystal growth, wafer preparation, unit pJ;'ocess: oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, epitaxy, deposition, photo-lithography.(4 hrs)MODULE 2 (Qualitative Treatment)(a) Measurements: principle and block diagram of analog and digital multimeter, working prinCiple of CRT. block diagram of CRO, measurements using CRO, principle of digital storage oscilloscope, principleand block diagram of function generator. (5 hrs) .(b) Radio communication: principle of AM &: FM, wave Forms. bandwidths, block diagrams of AM &: FM transmitters, principle of AM &:FM demodulation, comparison of AM & FM, principle &: blockdiagram of super hete~odyne receiver. (4 hrs)(c) Color television: TV Standards.interlaced scanning, block diagram of PAL TV transmitter & receiver, basic principles of cableTV, CCTV system, basic principles of. HDTV. basic principles of LCD &: Plasmadisplays. (5 hrs)(d) Radar and navigation: principle of radar and radar equation, block schematics of pulsed radar,factors affecting range, applications of radar in measurements and navigation.(4 hrs)(e) Satellite communication: mIcrowave frequency bands, concept of geO-stationary satellite, frequency bands used, satellite transponder, block diagram of earth station transmitter &: receiver, advantages of satellite communication, principle of Global Positioning System (GPS).(f)(3 hrs) .Optical communication: block diagram of the optical coinmunication system, principle of light transmission through fiber, concepts of Single Mode and Multi Mode optical fiber. working principle of source (semiconductor Laser) &: detector ( PIN.AP,D), advantages of opticalcommunication. . (5 hrs)
'---,---"MODULE 3 (Qualitative Treatment)(a) Computer Architecture: functional units: basic concept of ALU- data path and control. memory hierarchy, caches, main memory, virtual memory, operating systems, microprocessors-functional block diagram of 8085 (9 hrs)(b) Data communication: overview, analog and digital data transmission, transmission media, digitization of wave forms, PCM . digital modulation techniques- ASK., PSK, FSK. basic concepts of error detection, parity checking. (6 hrs) .(c) Mobile communication: basic principles of cellular communications, coricepts of cells. frequency reuse, principle and block diagram of GSM,principle of CI?MA, WLL & GPRS technologies. (4 hrs) .(d) Internet Technology: concepts of networking: client - server computing, IP addresses, domain names, network interface unit - modern, switching technologies- circuit switching and packet switching, LAN,MAN,W AN & World-wide web, network topologies, communication protocols¬TCP lIP, Introduction to web languages-HTML ,XML, internetworking 'concepts. network devices- basic principles of router, bridge, switch, network security- Firewall. (7 hrs)REFERENCES1. Santiram Kal, Basic Electronics - Devices, Circuits and IT fundamentals, PHI 2. Louis.E.Frenzel, Principles of Electronic Communication Systems, TMH3. William Stallings, Wireless Communications and Networks, Pearson Education. 4. M.Moris Mano, Computer Architecture, PHI.5. Neil H E Weste, Kamran Eshraghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI design '- A system perspective,Pearson Education [Module l(f)]6. David A. Bell. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements" PHI .[Module 2(<1)]7. N N Bhargava.D C Kulshreshtha.S C Gupta, Basic Electronics & Linear Circuits. TMFI . .8. ITL Education Solution Ltd.. Introduction to Information Technology-', Pearson Education.SUI edition, 20089. RR Gulati. Monochrome and CoJour Television. New Age International [Module 2 (c)]10. K Gopakumar. Introduction to Electronics & Communication, 3rd edition, 2008.Phasor Publishers,Kollam. This subject shall be handled by faculty of Dcpt.of Electronics and Communication in the Colleges.Question PaperThe question paper shall consist of two parts. Part I is to cover the entire syllabus, and carries 40 marks. This shatl contain 10 compulsory questions of 4 marks each. Part II is to cover 3 modules, and carries 60 marks. There shall be 3 questions from each module (10 marks each) out of which 2. are to be answered.
08.110 ENGINEERING WORKSHOPSL - T-P; 0-0-2CREDITS: 4A. Carpentry:Study of tools and joints. Practice in planing, chiseling, marking and sawing. Joints Cross joint, T joint. Dove tail joint.B. Fitting:Study of tools. Practice in filing, cutting, drilling and tapping;. Male and fe~le joints. Stepped joints. .C. Sheet Metal Work:Study of tools. Selection of different gauge GI sheets for jobs. Practice on riveted joints. Preparing tube joints, frustums, trays and containers. .D. Plumbing:Study of tools. Details of plumbing work in domestic and industrial applications. Study of pipe joints, cutting, threading and laying of pipes with different fittings using PVC pipes. Use of special tools in plumbing work.E: Foundry: Study of tools. Preparation of sand, moulding practice and demonstration of casting. F. Welding: Study of welding machines. Straight line practices. Making of Butt joint. T joint and Lap joint. G: Smithy: Study of tools. Demonstration on forging of square prism, hexagonal, bolt, T bolt and Eye bolt.H: Machine Tools: Study and demonstration on working of machine tools. Lathe and Drilling machine:~ !NOTE: For the university examination the student shall be examined in. sections A, B, C, D and E only.