Sunday, September 28, 2008

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Zara Nachke Dikha
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Thursday, September 25, 2008

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Wednesday, September 24, 2008



Kamasutra Guide

David Blaine Biography Biography of Magician David Blaine

David Blaine Biography

Biography of Magician David Blaine

Magician David Blaine is known for his over-the-top public spectacles. He has been buried alive, drowned alive, frozen in ice, and suspended five stories .

David Blaine , Magician Born: 4 April 1973 Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York Best Known As: The magician who was buried alive in New York City Showman.

David Blaine, The Early YearsDavid Blaine was born on April 4, 1973 in Brooklyn, New York. He is of Puerto Rican and Jewish decent and grew up in New Jersey, attending Passaic Valley High School in Little Falls. Blaine first became interested in magic at age 4 after he saw a street magician perform card tricks. David’s mother Patrice White strongly encouraged his new interest.In his teens, Blaine caught the acting bug and frequently commuted from New Jersey into New York City to attend acting classes and auditions, managing to land some work in commercials and on the soaps.
Family TragedyAt age 20, Blaine learned that his mother had been stricken with ovarian cancer. She passed away in 1994, but Blaine is frequently quoted saying that she remains an important influence on his life.On his own, Blaine eventually settled in the Hell’s Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan and continued to pursue his dream of becoming a famous magician.
Cause CelebThe ambitious Blaine made sure to attend celebrity functions and hobnob with the rich and famous. He performed tricks for the likes of Leonardo DiCaprio, Robert DeNiro, Al Pacino and David Geffen. Word about his prowess as an illusionist soon began to spread.
Street MagicEarly on, David Blaine made his name performing magic tricks on the street and filming his volunteers’ reactions. The most dazzling of his street tricks was his levitation illusion, in which he appeared to magically raise himself up to two feet above the ground.Hoping to drum up interest in his act, David sent a tape of his street performances to ABC. The response was encouraging to say the least. ABC gave Blaine a million dollar contract to produce David Blaine: Street Magic in 1997, which was followed by David Blaine: Magic Man in 1999.
The Performances/Spectacles
Buried Alive -- On April 5, 1999, Blaine spent one week buried inside a glass coffin at Donald Trump’s Trump Place Development on the West Side of Manhattan. Except for an area at the top that was open to the viewing public, the coffin was completely covered with dirt.
Frozen in Time -- On November 27, 2000, Blaine was encased in ice for almost 62 hours in New York’s Times Square. A network of tubes provided him with air, water, and the ability to relieve himself.
Vertigo -- On May 22, 2002,Blaine spent over 34 hours on a pillar 90 feet high and 22 inches wide in New York’s Bryant Park. David sustained a concussion during the stunt when he dove into a large pile of cardboard boxes at the foot of the pillar.
Above the Below -- On September 5, 2003, Blaine spent 44 days sealed inside a transparent glass box suspended 30 feet above the ground in London’s Potter Fields Park on the bank of the River Thames. The glass box was approximately 7 feet x 7 feet x 3 feet. During the 44 days, Blaine claims to have fasted and lost 54 pounds of body weight.
Drowned Alive -- On May 1, 2006, Blaine spent one week immersed in an 8-foot transparent sphere filled with water at Lincoln Center in New York City. The sphere was filled with 2000 gallons of water at a temperature of 96 degrees. Upon completing the week-long endurance test, Blaine removed his breathing apparatus in an attempt to break a world record of almost nine minutes without breathing. Unfortunately, he only reached 7 minutes 8 seconds before needing to come out. To prepare for the stunt, Blaine claims to have dropped his weight by 50 pounds so that his body would require less oxygen.
Gyroscope -- On Tuesday November 20, 2006, Blaine will be suspended 40 feet in the air above Times Square while spinning 8 times per minute. The stunt will last through Thanksgiving Day as Blaine attempts to escape by 5AM on Friday, November 23rd, 2006.

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Monday, September 22, 2008

UNIVERSITY OF KERALA B. Tech Degree Course - 2008 Scheme

UNIVERSITY OF KERALA B. Tech Degree Course - 2008 Scheme

UNIVERSITY OF KERALA B. Tech Degree Course - 2008 Scheme) REGULATIONS1. Conditions for Admission Candidates for admission to the B.Tech degre~ course shall be required to have passed the,Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala or 12th Standard V.H.S.E., C.B.S.E., I.S.C. or any examination accepted by the university as equivalent thereto obtaining not less than 50% in Mathematics and 50% in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry / Bio- technology/Computer Science/ Biology put together, or a diploma in Engineering awarded by the Board of Technical Education, Kerala or an examination recognized as equivalent thereto after undergoing an institutional course of at least three years securing a minimum of 50 % marks in the final diploma examination subject to the usual concessions allowed for backward classes and other communities as specified from time' to time.2. Duration of the coursei) The course for the B.Tech Degree shall extend over a period of four academic years comprisingof eight semesters. The first and second semester shall be combined and each semester from third semester onwards shall cover the groups of subjects as given in the curriculum and scheme , of examinationii) Each semester shall ordinarily comprise of not less than 400 working periods each of 60 minutes duration 'iii) A candidate who could not complete the programme and pass all examinations within Ten (10) years since his first admission to the B.Tech programme will not be allowed to continue and he has to quit the Programme. However he can be re-admitted to the first year of the programme if he/she satisfies the,.eligibility norms applicable -to the regular candidates prevailing at the time of re-admission.3. Eligibility for the Degree ,Candidates for admission to the degree of bachelor of technology shall be required to have undergone the prescribed course of study in an institution maintained by or affiliated to the University of Kerala for a period of not less than four academic years and to have passed all the examinations specified in the scheme of study.4. Subjects of Study The ,subjects of study shall be in accordance with the scheme and syllabi prescribed5. EvaluationCandidates in each semester will be evaluated both by co[}.tinuous assessment and end semester University examination. The individual maximum marks allotted for continuous assessment and University examination for each subject is as prescribed by the scheme of study.5.1 Continuous Assessment (C.A) .The marks awarded for the continuous assessment will be on the basis of the day-to-day work, periodic tests (minimum two in a semester) and assignments (minimum of three - one each fro~ each module). "The faculty member concerned will do the cont~nuous assessment for each semester. The CA, marks for the individual subjects shall be computed by giving weight age to the following parameters.
Subject 'Attendance Tests Assignmentsl Class WorkTheory Subjects 20% 50% 30%Drawing 20% 40% 40%Practical 20% 40% 40%Project Work Work Assessed by Guide - 50% Assessed by a three member committee out of which one member is the Guide- 50%
- -¬-¬The c.A. marks for the.attendance (20%) for each theory, practical and drawing shall be awarded in full only if the candidate has secured 90% attendance or above in the subject. Proportionate reduction shall be made in the case of subjects in which he/she gets below 90% of the attendance for a subject. The CA marks obtained by the student for all subjects in a semester is to be published at least 5 days before the commencement of the University examinations. Anomalies if any may be scrutinized by the department committee and the final CA marks are forwarded to the university within the ~tipulated time.5.2. End Semester University Examinationsi) There will be University examinations at the end of the first academic year and at the end ofevery semester from third semester onwards in subjects as prescribed under the respeCtive scheme of examinations. Semester classes shall be completed at least 10 working days before the commencement of the University examination.ii) The examination will be held twice in an year - April/May session (for even semester) andOctober/November session (for odd semester). The combined 1st and 2nd semester is reckoned as equivalent to an even semester for the purple of conduct of examination and the University examination will be held during April/May. However Vll and VITI Semester. examination will be conducted in both the sessions. This schedule will not be changed.iii) A student will be permitted to appear for the university examination only if he/she satisfies the following requirements:a. He/she must secure not less than 75% attendance in the total number of working periodsduring the first year and in each semester. thereafter and shall be physically present for a minimum of 60% of the total working periods. In addition, he/she also shall be physically present in at least 50% of total working periods for each subject.b. He must earn a progress certificate from the head of the institution of having satisfactorily completed the course of study in the semester as prescribed by these regulations.c. It shall be open to the Vice-Chancellor to grant condonation of shortage of attendance onthe recommendation of ~e head of the institution in accordance with the folloW"mg norms. d. The attendance shall not be less than 60% of the total working periods.e. He/she shall be physically present for a minimum of 50% of th.e total working periods.f. The shortage shall not be condoned more than twice during the entire course.g. The condonation shall be granted subject to the rules and procedures prescribed by the university from time to time. .h. The condonation for combined 1st and 2nd semesters will be reckoned' as a single condonation for attendance purposes.iv) A student who is not permitted to appear for the University examinations for a particular semester due to (he shortage of attendan<;e a,nd not .permitted by the authorities for condonation of shortage of attendance shall repeat the semester when it is offered again. This provision is allowed only once for a semester.v) The university will conduct examinations for all subjects (Theory, Drawing & Practical).vi) The scheme of valuation will be decided by the chief examiner for theory / drawing subjects.vii) For practical examinations, the examiners together will decide the marks to be awarded. Thestudent shall produce the certified record of the work done in the laboratory during the examination. .The evaluation of the candidate should be as per the guidelines given in the ,syllabus for the practical subject.6. Letter Grades .For each subject in a semester, based on the total marks obtained by the studertt in the University examination and Continuous assessment put together a letfer grade (S,A+, A, B+, B, C+, C, D, E and F) will be awarded. All letter grades except 'F' will be awarded if the marks for the University examination is 40 % or above and the total mark (CA. marks + University Exam marks) is 50 % or above. No absolute mark will be indicated in the grade card. Letter grade corresponding to total marks (C.A. marks+ University Exam mark) and the corresponding grade point in a ten-point scale is described below.

~% of Total marks Letter Grade Point Remarks(C.A marks + University Exam marks) Grade (G.P.} 90 % and above S 10 Excellent85 % and above but less than 90% A+ 9 80 % and above but less than 85% A 8.5 75 % and above but less than 80% B+ 8 70 % and above but less than 75% B 7.5 65 % and above but less than 70% C+ 7 60 % and above but less than 65% C 6.5 55 % and above but less than 60% D 6 50 % and above but less than 55% E 5.5 Below 50% (C.A+ V.E) or F 0 below 40% for V.E Failed~7. . Grade Point Average (GPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) Grade point average is the semester wise average points obtained by each student in a lO-pointscale. GPA for a particular semester is calculated as per the calculation shown below. I Credit x GP A obtained for the subjectGPA= ~cd. ~b.L.J re Its lor su ~ect Cumulative Grade point Average (CGPA) is the average grade points obtained by the studentstill the end Of any particular semester. CGPA is calculated in a lO-point scale as shown below. I Credits for semester x GP A obtained for'the semesterCGPA= ~cd . ~ .L.J re Its lor semesterGP A and CGP A shall be rounded to two decimal points. The Grade card issued to the students shall contain subject number and subject name, credits for the subject, letter grades obtained, GP A for the semester and CGP A up to that particular semester. In addition to the grade cards for each semester all successful candidate shall also be issued a consolidated statement grades. On specific request from a candidate and .after remitting the prescribed fees the University shall issue detailed marks to the individual, candidate.S. Minimum for a passa) A candida:te .shall be declared to have passed a semester examination in full in the first appearance i£-he/she secures not less than 5.5 GPA with a minimum of 'E' grade for the all individual subject in that semester.b) A candidate shall be declared to have passed in an individual subject of a semester examination if he/she secures grade 'E' or above. c) A candidate who does not secure a full pass in a semester examination as per clause (a) above will have to pass in all the subjects of the semester examination as per clause (b) above before he is declared to have passed in that semester examination in full.9. Improvement of Gradesi) A candidate shall be allowed to re-appear for a maximum of two subjects of a semesterexamination in order to improve the marks and hence the grades already obtained subject to ~he following conditions: .a) The candidate shall be permitted to improve the examination only along with next available chance.b) The candidate shall not be allowed to appear for an improvement examination f0r the subjects of the VII & Vlll semesters.
Ic) The grades obtained by the candidate for each subject in the improvement chance he has appeared for or the already existing grades - whichever is better will be reckoned as the grades secured. ' d) First & Second semester will be counted as a single chance and they can improve a maximum of three subjects. ii) A candidate shall be allowed to repeat the course work in one or more semesters in order to better the c.A. marks already obtained, subject to the following conditions: a) He/she shall repeat the course work in a particular semester only once and that too at the earliest opportunity offered to him/her. b) He/she shall not combine this course work with his/her regular course work. c) He/she shall not be allowed to repeat the course work of any semester if he has already passed that semester examination in full. d) The C.A marks obtained by the repetition of the course work will b,e considered for all purposes. .iii) A candidate shall be allowed to withdraw from the whole examination of a semester in accordance with the rules for cancellation of examination of the University of Kerala.10. Classification of Successful candidatesi) A candidate who qualifies for the degree passing all the subjects of the eight semesters within five academic years (ten consecutive semesters after the commencement of his/her course of study) and secures not less than 8 CGPA up to and including eighth semester (overall CGPA) shall be declared to have passed the B.Tech degree examination in FIRST CLASS WITH DISTINCTION.ii) A candidate who qualifies for the degree passing all the subjects of the eight semesters within five academic years (ten consecutive semesters after the commencement of his/her course of study) and secures less than 8 CGP A but not less than 6.5 CGP A up to and including eighth semester shall be declared to have passed the B.Tech degree exammation in FIRST CLASS.iii) All other successful candidates shall be declared to have passed the B.Tech'Degree examination in SECOND CLASS.iv) Successful candidates who complete the examination in four academic years (Eight consecutive semesters after the commencement of the course of study shall be ranked branch-wise on the basis of the CGPA in all eight semesters put together. In the case of a tie in the CGPA the total marks of the students who have got same CGP A shall be considered for finalizing the rank. Students who pass the examination in supplementary examination are also covered under .this clause.11. Educational Tour a) The students may undertake one educational tour preferably after fourth semester of the course and submit a tour report. . b) The tour may be conducted during the vacation / holidays taking not more than 5 working days, combined with the vacation / holidays if required. Total number ot Tour days shall not exceed 15 days: c) The tour period shall be considered as part of the working periods of a. semester12. Revision of RegulationsThe university may from time to time revise, amend or change the regulations, curriculum, scheme of examinations and syllabi. These changes unless specified otherwise, will have effect from the beginning of the academic year / semester following the notification of the University.

.J, . University of KeralaScheme of study for the B. Tech, Combined I and II Semesters, 2008 scheme , (Common for all branches)Course Name of Subject, Weekly load Max. Exam Exam CreditsNo. hours c:ional .Dur max L T DIP marks Hrs. marks 08.101 Engineering Mathematics 2 1 0 50 3 100 608)02 Engineering Physics 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.103 Engineering Chemistry 2 1 0 50. 3 100 608.104 Engineering Graphics 1 0 2 50 3 100 608.105 Engineering Mechanics 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.106 Basic Civil Engineering 2 1 0 50 3' 100 608.107 Basic Mechanical Engineering 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.108 Basic Electrical and 'Electronics Engineering 2 1 0 50 3 100 608.109 Ba!?ic Communication and 2 1 0 50 3., 100 6 Information Engineering 08.110 Engineering Workshops 0 0 2 50 3 100 4 Total 17 8 4 500 1000 58..The subject 08.109 will be handled by the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering.08-101 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICSL-T-P: 2-1-0 Credits: 6MODULE- 1Applications of differentiation:- Definition of Hyperbolic functions and their derivatives-Successive,differentiation- Leibnitz' Theorem (without proo£)- Curvature- Radius of curvature-centre of curvature¬Evolute (Cartesian .polar and para~etric forms) .Partial differentiation and applications:- Partial derivatives- Eulers theorem on homogeneous functions- Total derivatives- Jacobians- Errors and approximations- Taylor's series (one and two variables) - Maxima and minima of functions of two variables-Lagrange's method- Leibnitz rule on differentiation under integral sign.Vector differentiation and applications :- Scalar and vector functions- differentiation of vector functions-Velocity and acceleration- Scalar and vector fields- Operator V- Gradient- Physical interpretation of gradient- Directional derivative- Divergence- Curl- Identities involving V (no proof) - Irrotational and solenoidal fields - Scalar potential.MODULE-nLaplace transforms:- Transforms of elementary functions - shifting property- Inverse transforms¬Transforms of derivatives and integrals- Transform functions multiplied by t and divided by t - . Convolution theorem(without proof)- Transforms of unit step function, unit impulse function and periodic functions-second shifiting theorem- Solution of ordinary differential equations with constant coefficientsusing Laplace transforms. ,Differential Equations and Applications:- Linear differential eqations with constant coefficients¬Method of variation of parameters - Cauchy and Legendre equations -Simultaneous linear equationswith constant coefficients-. Application to orthogonal trajectories (cartisian form only). '

MODULE-IIIMatrices:-Rank of a matrix- Elementary transformations- Equivalent matrices- Inverse of a matrix by Gauss-Jordan method- Echelon form and normal form- Linear dependence and independence of vectors¬Consistency- Solution of a system linear equations-Non homogeneous and homogeneous -equations¬Eigen values and eigen vectors - Properties of eigen values and cigen vectors-Cayley Hamilton thcorcm(no proof) - Diagonalisation - Quadratic forms-Reduction to canoniccd forms-Nature of quadratic forms-Definiteness, rank, signature and Index.REFERENCES1. Kreyszig; Advanced Engineering Mf'thematics, Sib edition, Wiley Eastern.2. Peter 0' Neil; Advanced Engineering Mathematic$, Thomson3. B.S.Grewal; Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers4. B.V.Ramana; Higher Engineering Mathematics, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 20065. Michel D Greenberg; Advanced Engineering Mathematics,Pearsor\ Jnternational 6. Sureshan J, Nazarudeen and Roy:son; Engineering Mathematics, Zenith Publications08.102 ENGINEERING PHYSICSL-T-P: 2-1- 0Credits: 6MODULE-IOscillations and WavesBasic ideas of harmonic oscillations - Differential equation of a SHM ang its solution. Theory of damped harmonic oscillations. Quality factor. Theory of forced harmonic oscillations and resonance. Types ofwaves. One dimensional waves - Differential Equation. Harmoni<;: waves. Three- dimensional waves ¬Differential Equation and solution. Plane waves and spherical ",:aves. Energy in wave motion. Velocity of transverse waves along a stretched string.Electromagnetic TheoryDel operator - grad. div, curl and their physical significance. Concept of displacement current. Deduction of Maxwell's equations. Prediction of electromagnetic waves. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. E and H are at right angles. Poynting's theorem (qualitative only)Physics of SolidsSpace lattice. Unit cell and lattice parameters. Crystal systems. Co-ordination number and packing factor with reference to simple cubic, body centered cubic and face centered cubic crystals. Directions and planes. Miller indices. Interplanar spacing in terms of Miller indices. Super conductivity - Meissner effect. Type-I and Type-ll superconductors. BCS theory (qualitative). High temperature superconductors. Applications of superconductors. Introduction to new materials (qualitative) -Metallic glasses, Nano materials. Shape memory alloys, Bio materials.MODULE- IIInterference of LightConcept of temporal and spatial coherence. Interference ~n thin films and wedge shaped films. Newton's rings. Michelson's Interferometer. Determination of wave length and thickness. Interference filters. Antireflection coating.Diffraction of LightFresnel and Fraunhoffer -diffraction. Fraunhoffer diffraction at a single slit. Fraunhoffer diffraction at a circular aperture (qualitative). Rayleigh's criterion for resolution. Resolving power of telescope and
--- - --¬,= "~- ---¬microscope. Plane transmission grating. Resolving power of grating. Grating equation. X-ray diffraction. Bragg's law.Polarization of LightTypes of polarized light. Double refraction. Nicol Prism. Retardation plates. Theory of plane, circular and elliptically polarized light. Production and analysis of circularly and elliptically polarized light. Polaroids. Induced birefringence. Photo elasticity- isoclinic and isochromatiC fringes - photo elastic bench.Special Theory of RelativityMichelson-Morley experiment. Einstein's postulates, Lorentz transformation equations (no derivation). Simultaneity. Length contraction. Time dilation. Velocity addition. Relativistic mass. Mass energy relation. Mass less particle.J IMODULE-IIIQuantum MechanicsDual nature of matter. Wave function. Uncertainty principle. Energy and momentum operators. Eigen values and functions. Expectation values, Time Dependent and Time Independent Schrodinger equations. Particle in one dimensional box. Tunnelling (qualitative).Statistical Mechanics'Macrostates and Microstates. Phase space. Basic postulates of Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics. Distribution equations in the three cases (no derivation). Bosons and fermions. Density of states. Derivation of Planck's formula., Free electrons in a metal as a Fermi gas. Fermi energy.LaserEinstein's coefficients. Population inversion and stimulated emission. Optical resonant cavity. Ruby Laser, Helium-Neon Laser, Carbon dioxide Laser (qualitative). Semiconductor Laser (qualitative). Holography. Fiber 'Optics - Numerical Aperture and acceptance angle. Types of optical fibers. Applications.REFERENCE:1. Sears & Zemansky : University Physics. XI Edn.,; Pearson2. Frank & Leno; Introduction to Optics. III Edn.. , Pean;on3. rc. Upadhyaya; Mechanics., Ram Prasad & Sons4. David J Griffiths,! Introduction to Electrodynam,ics, III Edn. , Pearson5. M Ali Omar; Elementary Solid State Physics., Pearson6. SO Pillai, Solid State Plzysics.. New Age International Publishers7. John R Taylor, Chris 0 Zafiratos & Michael A Dubson; Modem Physics for Scientists andEngineers. II Edn. Prentice Hall of India8. Eugene Hecht, Optics. IV Edn, Pearson9. Robert Resnick: Introduction to Special Relativity.. John Willet) and Sons10. Richard 1., Libboff Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. IV Edn. Pearson11. D~nald A Mcquarrie; Statistical Mechanics., Vivo Books12. Mark Ratner& Daniel Ratner; Nanotechnology.13. T.A. Hassan at al: A Text Book of Engineering Physics., Aswathy Publishers, Trivandrum. 14. B. Premlet; Advanced Engineering Physics, Phasor Books. Kollam.

LIST OF DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENTS1. Newto~'s Rings - Determination of wave length.2. Air Wedge - Diameter of a thin wire.3. Spectrometer - Plane transmission grating - wavelength of light.4. Spectrometer - Refractive indices of calcite for the ordinary and extraordinary rays. 5. Laser - Diffraction at a narrow slit.6. Laser - Diffraction at a straight wire or circular ap~rture.7. Michelson's interferometer - Wavelength of light.8. Michelson's interferometer - Thickness of thin transparent film.9. Polarization by reflection - Brewster's law.10. Computer stimulation - superposition of waves.11. Computer stimulation study of E & II. (Gauss' Law & Ampere's Law).Pattern of Question Paper University examination is for a maximum of 100 marks, in 3 hour duration. The syllabus is spread in 3modules. The question paper will consist of two parts (A and B). Part A contains short answer questions for 40 marks. This part contains 10 questions without anychoice, each of 4 marks (uniformly taken from all modules).Part B contains long ans~er questions for 60 marks. From each module, this pan contains 3 questions out of which 2 are to be answered, each of 10 marks. Long answer questions from all the 3 modules will form 60 ~~. '08.103 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRYL-T-T: 2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE-1Electro chemistry - Electrodes- Electrode potential- Origin of electrode potential- Helmotz double layer- Nemst equation and application- Reference electrodes- Standard hydrogen electrode- Saturated calomel electrode- Quinhydron electrode-Determination of pH using these electrodes- Concentration cells- Fuel cells- Secondary cells- Lead acid cell- Nickel cadmium cell-lithium-ion cell. - Coductometric and Potentiometric titrations (acid base, oxidation reduction and precipitation titrations). (12 hrs)Corrosion and' its control- Theories of corrosion (chemical corrosion and electro-chemical corrosion) - Galvanic series- Types of corrosion (Concentration cell corrosion. Stress corrosion. Galvanic corrosion) - Factors affecting corrosion (nature of metal and nature of environment) and different methods of corrosion control (corrosion inhibitors, cathodic protection). (5 hrs)Protective coatings- Metallic coatings- ~hemical conversion coatings- paint (4 hrs)~ano materials- Introduction-Classification-prepfration (laser abrasion technique and sputtering technique)- Chemical method (reduction)-Properties and Applications of Nano materials-Nano tubes¬Nano wires. (4 hrs)MODULE-2Water treatment- Types of hardness- Degree of hardness- Related problems- Estimation of hardness¬by EDT A method- Sludge and scales in boilers- Priming and foaming- Boiler corrosion-Water softening

"methods. Lime-soda process, Ion exchange methods-Internal treatments (colloidal, carbonate, phosphate and calgon conditioning)- Domestic water treatment- Methods of disinfection of water-Desalinationprocess (Reverse osmosis, electro dialysis- Distilla~on). (12 hrs)Envimmental damages and prevention- Air 'pollution- CFCs and ozone depletion-Alternative' refrigerents-Green house effect-Water pollution- BOD and COD- Waste water treatment- AerQbic ¬Anaerobic and USAB processes. (3 hrs)Thermal methods of analysis-Basic principles involved in Thermo gravimetry. Differential thermalanalysis and applications. (2 hrs)Spectroscopy- Molecular energy levels-Types of molecular spectra- Electronic spectra (Classification of electroniC transitions- Beer Lambert's Law) Vibrational spectra (mechanism of interaction and application), Rotationa.1 spectra (Determination of bond length and application). NMR spectra (Basicprinciple, chemical shift, spin-spin splitting) (6 hrs)Chromatography- General principles- High performance liquid chromatography- Gas chromatography. . (2 hrs)MODULE-3Polymers- Classifications- Mechanism of polymarisation (Addition, free radical, cationic. anionic and 'coordination polymarisation)- Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics-Compounding of plastics¬Moulding techniques of plastics (Compression, Injection, Transfer and Extrusion moulding)-Preparation, properties and uses of PVC, PV A, PMMA, Nylon. PET. Bakelite, Urea formaldehyde resin-Silicon polymers- Bio-degradable plastics. Elastomers- strutture of natural rubber- vulcanisation-syntheticrubbers (Buna-S, Butyl rubber and Neoprene) , (12 hrs)Organo electronic compounds -Super conaucting and conducting organic materials like Polyaniline, polyacetylene and polypyrrol and its applications.(2 hrs) Fuels- Calorific value- HCV and LCV-Experimcntal determination of calorific value-Theoretical calculation of calorific value by Dulongs formula - Bio fuels -Bio hydrogen and Bio-diesel(5 hrs) Lubricants- Introduction-Mechanism of lubrication- solid and liquid lubricant- Properties of lubricants¬Viscosity inc;lex- flash and fire point- cloud and pour point- aniline value. (4 hrs)Cement- Manufacture of Portland cement- Theory of setting and hardening of cement (2 hrs)LAB-EXPERIMENTS (DEMONSTRATION ONLY)1. Estimation of total hardness in water using EDT A.2. Estimation of chloridt! ions in domestic water.3. Estimation of dissolved oxygen.4. Estimation of COD in sewage water.5. Estimation of available chlorine in bleaching powder.6. Estimation of copper in brass.7. Estimation of iron in a sample of heamatite.8. Determination of flash and fire point of a lubricating oil by Pensky Marten's apparatus. 9. Potentiometric titrations.10. Preparation of buffers and standardisation of pH meter.11. Determination of molarity of HC1 solution PH-metrically.12. Determinations of pH using glass electrode and quinhydron electrode.10

¬REFERENCES1. H.A Willard, L.L. Merrit and J.A Dean; Instrumental methods of analysis2. AK De ; Environmental Chemistry3. KJ.KIauhunde; Nanoscale materials in chemistry4. B.R Gowariker : Polymer science5. B.W.Gonser ; Modern materials6. V.Raghavan; Material Science and engineering. A first course7. L.H. VanVlack; Elements of Material science and Engineering8. J.W.Goodby ; Chemistry of liquidcrystals9. . S.GIasstone; A text book of physical chemistry10. P.c. Jain; Engineering Chemistry11. Juhaina Ahad; Engineering Chemistry12. Shashi Chawla; A text book of Engineering Chemistry13. R Gopalan, D. Venkappayya & S. Nagarajan; Engineering Chemistry14. J.e. Kuriaka;e andJ. Rajaram; ChemistryofEngineer!ngand Technology Volume 1 & 1115. RN Goyal and Harmendra Goeal; Engineering Chemistry,Ane Students Edition, Thiruvananthapuram.08.104 ENGINEERING GRAPHICSL-T-D: 1-0-2CREDITS: 6INTRODUCTION: Introduction to technical drawing and its language. Lines, lettering, dimensioning, scaling of figures, symbols and drawing instruments. (1 sheet practice) MODULE 1PLAIN CURVES: Conic sections by eccentricity method. Construction of ellipse: (i) Arc of circles method (ii) Rectangle method (ii) Concentric cifdes method. Construction of parabola (i) Rectangle method (ii) Tangent method. Construction of hyperbola (i) Arc of circles method (ii) given ordinate. abscissa and the transverse axis (ill) given the asymptotes and a point on the curve. Construction of Tangent and Normal at any point on these curves.MISCELLANEOUS CURVES: Construction of Cycloid, Epicycloid and Hypoeycloid. Involute of a circle. Archimedian spiral, Logarithmic spiral and Helix. Construction of Tangent and Normal at any point on these curves.PROJECI10N OF POINTS AND LINES:_ Types of projections. Principles of Orthographic projection. Projections of points and lines. Determination of true length, inclination with planes of projection and traces of lines.. MODULE II PROJECTION OF SOLIDS: Projection of simple solids such as prisms, pyramids, cone, cylinder, tetrahedron, octahedron, sphere and their auxiliary projections.SECTIONS OF SOLIDS: Types of cutting planes, section of simple solids cut by parallel, perpendicular and inclined cutting planes. Their projectioris and true shape of cut sections.DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACEs: Development of surfaces of (i) simple solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder and cone (ii) Cut regular solids.

¬'::::~MODULE III ISOMETRIC PROJECTION:Isometric scale, Isometric view and projections of simple solids like prisms,pyramids, cylinder, cone sphere, frustum of solids and also their combinations.INTERSECTION OF SURFACES: Intersection of surfaces of two solids as given below.(i) Cylinder and cylinder(ii) Prism and prism,(iii) Cone and Cylinder(Only cases where the axes arc perpendicular to each other and intersecting with or without offset.)PERSPECTIVE PROJECTION: Principles of perspective projection, definition of perspective terminology. Perspective projection of simple solids like prisms and pyramids in simple positions.CAD: Introduction to CAD systems, Benefits of CAD, Various Softwares for CAD. Demonstration of anyone CAD software.General Note:(i) First angle projection to be followed.(ii) Question paper shall contain 3 questions from each module, except from CAD. Students are require~ to answer any two questions from each module.(iii) Distribution of marks Module-1 2x16 = 32 Module-n 2x17 = 34 Module III 2 x 17 = 34100REFERENCES1. Luzadder and Duff; Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing 2. N. D. Bhatt; Engineering Drawing3. K Venugopal; Engineering Drawing and Graphics4. P.S. Gill; ~ngineering Graphics5. P.I. Varghese; Engineering Graphics6. KR. Gopalakrishnan; Engineering Drawing7. Thamaraselvi; Engineering Drawing8. KC.John; Engineering Graphics9. KN. Anil Kumar; Engineering Graphics

-...~08.105 ENGINEERING MECHANICSL-T-P: 2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE I (20 HRS) Idealizations of Mechanics- Elements of vector algebraStatics of rigid bodies-Classification of force systems- principle of transmissibility of a force-composition and resolution- Resultant and Equilibrant of coplana'r concurrent force systems-various analytical method - Lami's theorem, method of resolution- Conditions of equilibrium-Moment of a force, couple, properties of c~>uple- Varignon's theorem- Resultant and equilibrant of coplanar non-concurrent force systems¬Conditions of equilibrium. Equilibrium of rigid bodies-free body diagrams.(simple problems)Types of supports - types of beams - types of loading- Support reactions of simply supported and overhanging beams under different types of loading. Forces in space, equations of equilibrium. Vector approach. Friction-Laws of friction-angle of friction- cone of friction- ladder friction- wedge friction.MODULE II (20 HRS)Properties ot surfaces- centroid o~ composite areas- Theorems of Pappus-Gouldinus- Moment of inertia of areas. Parallel and perpendicular axes tl1.eorems- Radius of Gyration- moment of inertia of composite areas.Dynamics: Kinematics-Combined motion of Iranslation and rotation-instantaneous centre, motion of link, motion of connecting rod and piston, wheel rolling without slipping. Relative velocity - basic concepts-analysis of different types of problems.Kinetics- Newton's Laws of translatory motion- D' Alembert's principle- Motion of lift- Motion of connected bodies. .MODULE III (20 HRS)Work., Power and Energy - Work-Energy principle-Impulse. Momentum.Collision of elastic bodies-Law of conservation of momentum-Direct and oblique impact betweenelastic bodies and impact with fixed plane. .Curvilinear motion- D' Alembert's principle in curvilinear motion- Mass moment of inertia of rings, solid discs and solid spheres (no derivations requircd)Angular momentum-Angular impulse. • Kinetics of rigid b04ies under combined tnmslalory and rotational motion work energy principle for rigid bodies.Centrifugal and centripetal forces - motion of vehicles on curved paths in horizontal and vertical planes - super elevation - stability of vehicles moving in curved paths (qualitative ideas only). Simple. harmonic motion - vibration of mechanical systems - basic elements of a vibrating system - spring mass model - undamped free vibrations - angular free vibration - simple pendulum.REFERENCES:1. Beer & Johnston. "Vector Mechanics for Engineers Statics and Dynamics", Tata McGraw HillPublishing Company Limited. New Delhi. 2005.2. Irving. n. Shames, "Engineering Mechanics", Prentic~ Hall Book Company. 1966.3. Timoshenko S. & Young D. H. "Engineering Mechanics", Mc-Graw Hill-International Edition 4. Popov, "Mechanics of Solids", Pearson Education,20075. Kumar K.L., "Engineering Mechanics", Tata Mc-Graw Hill PublishiI1g Company Limited,New Delhi, 1998.6. Rajasekaran S. & Sankarasubramanian G., "Engineering Mechanics". Vikas Publishing HousePrivate Limited, New Delhi. 2003.7. Tayal A K, "Engineering Mechanics- Statics and Dynamics", Umesh Publications, Delhi, 2004 8. Benjamin J., "Engineering Mechanics", Pentex Book Publishers and Distributors," Kollam, 2008Note Question For University Examination:- Part A - 8 compulsory questions covering entire syllabus, 5 marks each.(5x8= 40) Pan B - Three questions of 10 marks from each module, out of which Two should be answered (10 x 2 x 3 = liD).

08.106 BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING., ,L-T-P-2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE ISurveying: Object and Principles of Surveying.Linear Measurements: Direct measurements - Tape & chain only - Ranging out survey lines- Taking measurements of sloping ground - Errors - Tape correction (problems).Levelling: Levelling instruments - Level (Dumpy Level, Tilting Level) Levelling Staff. ..Measurements in levell~g - Temporary adjustments of a level, holding the staff, reading the staff.- ,Principles of leveling - recording measurements in the field book - reduction of level - height of. collimation method only (simple examples). .Contour maps (Brief description only). Computation of areas - Mid-ordinate rule, average ordinaterule. Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rule (examples)- Introduction to Distomat. Total Station & GPS (Briefdescription only)MODULE IIBuilding construction: Selection of site for buildings - types of buildings - Components"of buildings. Foundation: Different types - Spread footing, Isolated footing. Combined footing. Mat foundation, Pile foundation (description only).Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil: Importance of determination of the Safe Bearing Llpacity of'Soil (brief description only).Super structure: Masonry - stone masonry, brick masonry -Types- desirable qualities of stone and brick.Partition: Materials used for making partition - plywood, particle boards & glass.Doors, windows & ventilators : Types -materials used for the construction of doors and windows ¬wood, steel & Alumfuium.Plastering: Mortar - properties - Preparation of Cement mortarPainting: Preparation of surfaces for painting - plastered, wood and steel surfaces- Types of paint ¬enamel, emulsion & distemper. Flooring: Types - mosaic tiles, ceramic tiles, marble, granite and synthetic materials. Roofing: Selection of type of roof -flat roof, sloping roof - Concrete roof, tiled roof. Selection of roof covering materials. GI Sheet, AC Sheet. PVC Sheet.MODULE IIIConcrete: Ingredients- cement, aggregate, water. Qualities of ingredients (brief description only). Tests on Cement - consistency, initial and final setting times. Compressive strength -IS $pecifications. Aggregates - desirable qualities of fine and coarse aggregates.Plain Cement Concrete (Pcq preparation-proportioning-mixing of concrete.Steel-common types used in construction- Mild Steel, HYSD Steel and their properties.Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCq-advantages of RCC over Plain Cement Concrete.Elementary ideas on pre-cast and pre-stressed concrete constructions. "Building services - vertical transportation - stairs - types, escalators and elevators, ramps (brief description only). Plumbing services- brief description of water supply and sewage disposal arrangements for residential buildings.REFERENCE:1. Adler Roo Vertical Transportation for Buildings, American Elsevier Publishing Company, New York.19702. B.C Punmia. "Surveying & Leveling" Vol. - I, Laxmi Publications(p) Ltd.N.Delhi, 2004 3. Rangwala., Building Materials,Charotar publishing house, 20014. Rangwala. "Building Construction" , Charotar Publishing House., 2004

5. S.K. Roy, "Fundamentals of Surveying" Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi.2004.6. Rangwala. "Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering', Charotar Publishing House.19907. Moorthy, "Building Construction", Modem Publishing House distributor., 1957 .8. Jha and Sinha, "Construction and Technology"9. Narayanan and Lalu Mangal "Introduction to Civil Engineering" Phsor Books, Kollam.10. Santba Mimi, "Basic Civil Engineering" Karunya Pubijcations.TrivandrumNote: The question paper will consist of two parts. Part I and part IL, Part I is Compulsory covering the entire syllabus, for 40 marks. It contains 8 questions of 5 marks each. Part II is to cover 3 modules. There will be two questions (20 marks each) from each module out of which one from each module is to be answered. (20 X 3 = 60)08.107 BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGL-T-PID : 3-1-0 .Credits: 6MODULE IThermo-dynamics : Basic concepts and definitions of Zeroth law, First law, Second Law of thermo¬dynamics- concept of reversibility and entropy, p-v and T-s diagrams Air cycles; Camot, Otto and Diesel cycles-Air standard efficiency (simple problems) .IC Engines: Working and comparison of two stroke and four stroke petrol and diesel engines-general description of various systems using block diagrams - air system, fuel system, ignition system and . governing system.. A brief description of CRDI, MPFI, GDI and Hybrid Vehicles. .Steam boilers: Oassification - Cochran boiler, Babcock and Wilcox boiler, Benson boiler- fluidized bed combustion,MODULE IIPrinciples and fields of application of - compressors - reciprocating and centrifugal blower, pumps¬t:eciprocating, centrifugal and let pumps, steam and hydraulic turbines- impulse and reaction, gas turbine cycles- open and closed..Elementary idea's of hydro electric, thermal and nuclear power plants.. Refrigeration & Air Conditioning: Refrigerants, CFC ftee refrigerants. Vapor q)mpression refrigeration system, Comfort and Industrial air-conditioning-typical window air conditioning unit (generaldescription only).MODULE IIIMechanical Power transmission systems: Belt, rope and gear drives-types, comparison and fields of application-velocity ratio-slip (simple problems) friction disc, single plate clutch, gear trains (no derivations).Manufacturing processes: Elementary ideas of casting, forging, rolling, welding, soldering and brazing.Machining processes- turning, taper turning, thread cutting, shaping, drilling, grinding, milling (simplesketches and'short notes). .Non conventional machining - Electro discharge machining (EDM) and Electro chemical machining (ECM). Principle, application and advantages of C N C machine.REFERENCES1. Spalding and Cole, "Engineering Thermodynamics"2. Gill, Smith and Zuirys, "fundamentals of IC Engines"3. .Amstead, Ostwald and Begeman, "Manufacturing processes" 4. Crouse, "Automobile Engineering"

-¬-¬-¬5. Roy and Choudhary. "Elements of Mechanical Engineering"6. Hajra Choudhary, "Workshop Technology"7. R K Bensal, "Fluid mechanics and machines"8. J Benjamin, "Basic Mechanical Engineering"Note: Lectures are to be supplemented by demonstration in laboratories.Note: The question paper will consist of two parts. Part I is to be compulsory for 40 marks. This may contain 10questions of4 marks each. Part II is to cover 3 modules. There can be 3 questions from each module (10 marks each) out of which 2 are to be answered.08.108 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERINGL-T-P:2-1-0Credits 6MODULE-IElementary concepts - Kirchoffs laws.- Magnetic Circuits - MMF, field strength, flux density, reluctance - problems in series magnetic circuits. Review of electromagnetic induction -Faraday's laws, Lenz's law - statically induced and dynamically induced emf - self and mutual induction - inductance.Alternating current fundamentals - generation of alternating currents - waveforms - frequency -period - average and rms values - form factor. Phasor rept:esentation of alternating quantities -reftangular polar and exponential forms.Analysis of simple ac circuits - concept of impedance and admittance - phasor representation -notation - power and power factor in ac circuits - active and reactive components. Solution of RL. RC and RLC series circuits-Three phase systems - generation of three phase voltage - star and delta connection ¬relation between phase and line values of voltage and current - phasor representation - three wire and four wire systems.Measurement of power in three phase circuits (two watt meter method). Measurement of energy¬working of I-phase energy meter.MODULE-IITransformers - Principle of operation - EMF equation - constructional details of single phase and three phase transformers.Methods of bulk generation of electric power. Block schematic of layout of generating stations¬hydr<:>electric, thermal and nuclear power plants. Renewable energy sources - solar, wind, tidal, wave and geothermal energy.Bulk transmission of electric power - typical electrical power transmission scheme - need for high transmission voltage-substations - substation equipments. Primary and secondary transmission and distribution systems.Different methods of wiring for LT installations. Schematic layout of LT switchboards. Earthing of installati~ns - necessity of earthing - plate and pipe earthing. Protective fuses. MCBs, ELCBs and switches.Working of incandescent lamps, -fluorescent lamps, energy efficient lamps.
====..MODULE-IIIDiodes - PN junction diodes,. V-I characteristics, dynamic & static resistance, principle of working and V-I characteristics of Zener diode, principle of Photo diode. Solar cell, & LED.Rectifiers & power supplies - block di'agram description of a dc power supply, circuit diagram & working of half-wave & full wave rectifier, final equations of Vrms, Vdc. ripple factor and peak inverse voltage in each case, principle of working of series inductor and shurit capacitor filters. Working of simple zener voltage regulator.Power devices - V I characteristics and applications of SCR and Triac Working principle of UPSandSMPS.Transducers - Resistance strain guage. thermistor, L VDT. .REFERENCES1. V.N. Mitlle. "Basic Electrical Engineering", Tata McGraw Hill, 1990.2. DP Kothari, L.I Nagrath, "Theory and Problems of Basic Electrical Engineering", Prentice Hall of India, 2000.3. B.L. Thereja. "A Text Book of Electrical Technology"', Volume I, S Chand & Co. New Delhi. 1992.4. Francis M I ernandex. "A Basic Course in Electrical Engineering'l, Rajath Publishers, Ernakulam. 5. TP ImthiasAhmed. B. Premlet, "Introduction to Electrical Engineering", Phaser Books. Kollam 6. Gopakumar, "Introduction To Electronics and Conununications", .Phaser Books, Kollam7. Millman and Halkias, "Integrated Electronics: Analog. and digital circuits and systems", McGraw Hill Book Co Edward Hughes, "Electrical and Electronic Technology", Pearson Education. 2002. 8. ML Soni, PU Guptha, US Bhatnagar and A Chakrabarthy, "A Text Book on Power System Engineering", Dhanpath Rai & Sons. New Delhi 1997 N.N.Bhargava, "Basic Electronics andLinear Circuits", T.M.H.9. N.N.Bhargava, "Basic Electronics and Linear Circuits", Tata McGraw Hill10. Rangan e.S., Sarma G.R., and Mani V.S.V., "Instrumentation Devices and Systems", Tata McGraw Hill, 1992.11. Muhammad H. Rashid, "Power Electronic Circuits, Devices and Applications", Pearson education, Asia 2003. Note: The Question paper will consist of two parts. Part A is to -be compulsory for 40 marks (10 questions of 4 marks each). Part-B is 10 cover 3 modules for 60 marks. (50% choice- One out of Two or Two out of four from each module).

¬08.109 BASIC COMMUNICA nON AND INFORMA nON ENGINEERING.L-T-P: 2-1-0Credits: 6MODULE (Qualitative Treatment)(a) Bipolar junction transistors: NPN &: PNP transistors, structure, typical doping, working of NPN transistor, concepts of common base, common emitter &: common collector configurations, current gain of each, input & output characteristics of common' emitter configuration, comparison of three'configurations with reference to voltage &: current gain, input &: output resistances and applications. (6 hrs)(b) Field effect Transistors: basic principles of }FET, MESFET and MOSFET, comparison with Bff. . (3 hrs)(c) Amplifiers & Oscillators:. circuit diagram & working of common emitter amplifier, function of each ~omponent in the circuit, need of proper biasing, frequency response, voltage gain and 3dB bandwidth, concepts of class A, B, AB and Class C power amplifiers, circuit diagram &: working of push pull amplifiers. concepts of feedback, working principles of oscillators, circuit diagram & workingof RC phase shift oscillator (7 hrs)(d) Integrated circuits: advantages of ICs, analog and digital ICs. functional block diagram of operational amplifier, ideal operational amplifier' use 'as inverting amplifier, non inverting amplifier, summingamplifier, integrator and comparator. (4 hrs)(e) Digital ICs;logic gates, realization of logic functions, principle of combinational and sequential logic circuits, fiip fiop (JK), logic families: TTL and CMOS Logic (No internal diagram)(4 hrs) (f) IC fabrication: purification of silicon, crystal growth, wafer preparation, unit pJ;'ocess: oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, epitaxy, deposition, photo-lithography.(4 hrs)MODULE 2 (Qualitative Treatment)(a) Measurements: principle and block diagram of analog and digital multimeter, working prinCiple of CRT. block diagram of CRO, measurements using CRO, principle of digital storage oscilloscope, principleand block diagram of function generator. (5 hrs) .(b) Radio communication: principle of AM &: FM, wave Forms. bandwidths, block diagrams of AM &: FM transmitters, principle of AM &:FM demodulation, comparison of AM & FM, principle &: blockdiagram of super hete~odyne receiver. (4 hrs)(c) Color television: TV Standards.interlaced scanning, block diagram of PAL TV transmitter & receiver, basic principles of cableTV, CCTV system, basic principles of. HDTV. basic principles of LCD &: Plasmadisplays. (5 hrs)(d) Radar and navigation: principle of radar and radar equation, block schematics of pulsed radar,factors affecting range, applications of radar in measurements and navigation.(4 hrs)(e) Satellite communication: mIcrowave frequency bands, concept of geO-stationary satellite, frequency bands used, satellite transponder, block diagram of earth station transmitter &: receiver, advantages of satellite communication, principle of Global Positioning System (GPS).(f)(3 hrs) .Optical communication: block diagram of the optical coinmunication system, principle of light transmission through fiber, concepts of Single Mode and Multi Mode optical fiber. working principle of source (semiconductor Laser) &: detector ( PIN.AP,D), advantages of opticalcommunication. . (5 hrs)

'---,---"MODULE 3 (Qualitative Treatment)(a) Computer Architecture: functional units: basic concept of ALU- data path and control. memory hierarchy, caches, main memory, virtual memory, operating systems, microprocessors-functional block diagram of 8085 (9 hrs)(b) Data communication: overview, analog and digital data transmission, transmission media, digitization of wave forms, PCM . digital modulation techniques- ASK., PSK, FSK. basic concepts of error detection, parity checking. (6 hrs) .(c) Mobile communication: basic principles of cellular communications, coricepts of cells. frequency reuse, principle and block diagram of GSM,principle of CI?MA, WLL & GPRS technologies. (4 hrs) .(d) Internet Technology: concepts of networking: client - server computing, IP addresses, domain names, network interface unit - modern, switching technologies- circuit switching and packet switching, LAN,MAN,W AN & World-wide web, network topologies, communication protocols¬TCP lIP, Introduction to web languages-HTML ,XML, internetworking 'concepts. network devices- basic principles of router, bridge, switch, network security- Firewall. (7 hrs)REFERENCES1. Santiram Kal, Basic Electronics - Devices, Circuits and IT fundamentals, PHI 2. Louis.E.Frenzel, Principles of Electronic Communication Systems, TMH3. William Stallings, Wireless Communications and Networks, Pearson Education. 4. M.Moris Mano, Computer Architecture, PHI.5. Neil H E Weste, Kamran Eshraghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI design '- A system perspective,Pearson Education [Module l(f)]6. David A. Bell. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements" PHI .[Module 2(<1)]7. N N Bhargava.D C Kulshreshtha.S C Gupta, Basic Electronics & Linear Circuits. TMFI . .8. ITL Education Solution Ltd.. Introduction to Information Technology-', Pearson Education.SUI edition, 20089. RR Gulati. Monochrome and CoJour Television. New Age International [Module 2 (c)]10. K Gopakumar. Introduction to Electronics & Communication, 3rd edition, 2008.Phasor Publishers,Kollam. This subject shall be handled by faculty of Dcpt.of Electronics and Communication in the Colleges.Question PaperThe question paper shall consist of two parts. Part I is to cover the entire syllabus, and carries 40 marks. This shatl contain 10 compulsory questions of 4 marks each. Part II is to cover 3 modules, and carries 60 marks. There shall be 3 questions from each module (10 marks each) out of which 2. are to be answered.

08.110 ENGINEERING WORKSHOPSL - T-P; 0-0-2CREDITS: 4A. Carpentry:Study of tools and joints. Practice in planing, chiseling, marking and sawing. Joints Cross joint, T joint. Dove tail joint.B. Fitting:Study of tools. Practice in filing, cutting, drilling and tapping;. Male and fe~le joints. Stepped joints. .C. Sheet Metal Work:Study of tools. Selection of different gauge GI sheets for jobs. Practice on riveted joints. Preparing tube joints, frustums, trays and containers. .D. Plumbing:Study of tools. Details of plumbing work in domestic and industrial applications. Study of pipe joints, cutting, threading and laying of pipes with different fittings using PVC pipes. Use of special tools in plumbing work.E: Foundry: Study of tools. Preparation of sand, moulding practice and demonstration of casting. F. Welding: Study of welding machines. Straight line practices. Making of Butt joint. T joint and Lap joint. G: Smithy: Study of tools. Demonstration on forging of square prism, hexagonal, bolt, T bolt and Eye bolt.H: Machine Tools: Study and demonstration on working of machine tools. Lathe and Drilling machine:~ !NOTE: For the university examination the student shall be examined in. sections A, B, C, D and E only.

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Wednesday, September 17, 2008


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Sexual Harassment at Infosys

The case examines the controversy surrounding the charges of sexual harassment and unlawful termination made by an employee against Infosys, leading Indian software company, during 2001-03. Phaneesh Murthy, a top level executive and a director on the company board, was accused of sexually harassing and unlawfully firing his subordinate, Reka Maximovitch. The case provides information about the definition of sexual harassment and examines in detail the events that occurred from the time Maximovitch joined Infosys to the out-of-court settlement of the lawsuit. The reasons for the out-of-court settlement are discussed and the measures taken by Infosys to improve its internal policies regarding sexual harassment are described.

Firing in IT companies

Firing in IT companies

Satyam gives offers just like that but initial 3 months to 2 years or till u complete 3 yeras they is no gaurantee…… any moment you will chuck out people … if not a PINK slip ..u put down the papers or we will terminate u …..Very funny company with out ETHICS …….
For many genuine people, this company has done too bad. Played with careers and wish all the bad luck to the future of this company. I wish all associates from satyam please push of before the new polocies etc come in to picture one fine DAY. if you talk more ..HR will issue a termination under integrity issue. any ways GUY ..try for any other Company like IBM , HP etc CTS, TCS ..but not SATYAM ….
SATYAM is too bad for that matter. They feel proud of themselves because no body to praise. Employees fired, i have seen this month, just for 1 month diff also they want to see all the bank statements since year 2002 etc , I don’t understand but you know satyam is number one company is catching people. In the induction etc only they take bonds etc so that they can come back and catch any one. also SATYAM is going under losses ..200 to 300 are on each center. also This company has some many people who are unfit to work in HR managment . just imagine they recruit us , feel shamed to know. also HR does boss’ism in SATYAM. especially they feel as if they are giving the projects from their pocket. However my guess is down the line in future this company will have a major Set back . i pray god that doller should fall and First comapn to be affected very badly is satyam.

infosys firing

tcs firing

wipro firing

satyam firing
Satyam Computers firing employees as a consequence of weakening ...
Satyam Computers, India's top IT company is firing employees dues to fears of the weakening dollar value.

infy firing

Tuesday, September 16, 2008

soumya tummala

SIUE student, relative found dead in St. Louis County park

St. Louis County Police are investigating the shooting deaths of a 22-year-old student at Southern Illinois University and her 27-year-old relative.
Both of the deceased, whose bodies were found in a St. Louis County park, resided in Maryville.
The body of Soumya Tummala was found about 8:30 a.m. Saturday in a car at Sunfish and North Lakes Park. The body of her relative, Vikram Kumar Tummala, surfaced about 11:45 a.m. Monday at a lake in the park. He also had been shot.
"Based on the investigation thus far, detectives from the St. Louis County Police Department have narrowed the scope of the investigation to the discovery of these two individuals and believe that this incident involves them alone," said St. Louis County Police Officer Rick Eckhard. "The investigation still continues as we work with the medical examiner's office and interview family and friends of the victims."
It was not immediately clear how the Tummalas are related.
The park is near Spanish Lake in north St. Louis County.
"We believe that it occurred sometime Friday night, going into Saturday morning," said St. Louis County Police officer Rick Eckhard.
The vehicle, parked near a boat ramp, is registered to Vikram Tummala. Soumya Tummala was in the passenger side of the 1995 Ford Taurus.
Eckhard said it's not clear why the Tummalas would have been at the park.
Police went to the park Saturday morning after receiving a call from joggers who reported seeing a woman slumped in a car.
Soumya Tummala was a graduate student in electrical engineering at SIUE.
Eckhard said most relatives of the Tummalas, who are of Indian descent, do not reside in the area. A relative that lives outside this area, who has come in and identified (Soumya Tummala) and was able to assist in making family notification.

Diana Hayden to join Bigg Boss2

Diana Hayden to join Bigg Boss2

Former beauty queen and actress Diana Hayden will now join the line up of celebrities on reality show Bigg Boss 2 as a new house-member, a reliable source ...

Diana also hosts a popular show on the History channel called "Biography". Diana Hayden is currently one of the contestant in the Bigg Boss (Season 2)

september 17

Constitution Day - September 17

Constitution Day be held on September 17 of each year, commemorating the September 17, 1787 signing of the Constitution.

CONSTITUTION DAY WILL BE CELEBRATED ON SEPT. 17, 2007 IN MEMORY OF LOUISE ... Louise Leigh made the world aware that September 17th was Constitution Day.

earthquake india

Earthquakes in India
Mainshock,foreshocks and aftershocks A large earthquake is generally preceded and followed by many smaller shocks. The largest earthquake is called the main shock. The smaller ones that precede the main shock are called foreshocks and the subsequent shocks are called aftershocks. Earthquake swarmsThe earthquake swarms are groups of earthquakes which are concentrated in a certain region, but none of them is significantly larger than the others. SeismographSeismograph is the instrument for recording motions of the earth’s surface caused by seismic waves, as a function of time. The simplest earthquake recording system consists of a sensor and an analog or digital recorder. The record is known as a seismogram. Location and magnitude of an earthquake are calculated from seismograms.

Hypocentre, epicentre and hypocentral region of a earthquake (Earthquake in Japan, 1996)
Seismic wavesIn earthquake studies, we generally deal with P, S and surface waves. P wave is the primary or the fastest wave travelling away from an earthquake source, consisting of a train of compressions and dilatations parallel to the direction of travel of the wave. S wave is the secondary wave, travelling more slowly than the P wave and consisting of elastic vibrations transverse to the direction of travel. Earthquakes also generate surface waves that follow the Earth’s surface only, with a speed less than the S waves. Propagation of surface waves also causes considerable damage during an earthquake. The difference in arrival time between the P wave and the S wave can suggest the approximate distance from the epicentre. From records of earthquakes at several places, the epicentre can be determined by reading the time differences.IntensityIntensity is description of the effects of an earthquake at a particular place, based on observations of damage, using a descriptive scale like the Modified Mercalli Scale. A map showing intensities at individual locations may be contoured based on isoseismals, which are lines of equal intensity. An isoseismal map provides a representation of broad variations of shaking over the region surrounding the earthquake.MagnitudeMagnitude is a measure of the size of the earthquake, calculated from the amplitude of the seismic waves and is closely related to the energy released by the earthquake. If the magnitude increases by 1, then the energy is about 30 times larger; if it increases by 2, then the energy is about 900 times. Richter magnitude, surface-wave and body-wave magnitudes are commonly used to indicate this measure. Duration or coda- magnitude based on the duration of the seismic signal is also in use.Hypocentre and epicentreThe earthquake occurs as a result of the motion of a fault, that is, by rupture of rocks. The point where the rupture originates is called the hypocentre or the focus and the point directly above this on the ground is called the epicentre. Depth to the hypocentre is known as the focal depth.
Latur earthquake
The Latur earthquake generated a surface rupture that was traceable for about 2 km. The maximum height of the scarp observed near Killari was about one metre. Several geological studies conducted in this deformation zone by various agencies provided valuable information about the seismogenic characyeristics of this important fault zone in the Stable Continental Region (Photo: Kusala Rajendran, CESS )

The Latur (Killari), Maharashtra, earthquake of September 30, 1993 is the most devastating SCR earthquake in the world.Its epicentre was located in a region considered to be aseismic
This earthquake occurred in the typical rural setting of India. The severity of the destruction was compounded by the nature of village settlements. While most of the engineered structures survived the earthquake, the non-engineered ones were totally damaged.
Over 10,000 lives were lost in this earthquake and several villages were destroyed. With a magnitude 6.3 and focal depth less than 10 km, this earthquake is similar to other moderate events in the Australian and Canadian shields.
It is suggested that the repeat time of moderate SCR earthquakes are of the order of hundreds of thousands of years. The recurrence interval at Latur may also be of the same order, and the recorded human history may not document any previous earthquakes. Thus, we have very little information about the earthquake history of such regions and the earthquakes occur as a total surprise.
This event led to several studies, giving a new perspective to seismic hazard assessment in the peninsular India. It also led to strengthening of the seismic network, upgrading several existing facilities

Uttarkashi earthquake
The 1991 Uttarkashi earthquake (M 6.5) which occurred in the Tehri region in Gharwal Himalaya shook the north-central India
This earthquake, a moderate one, attracted a lot of attention due to its proximity to the high Tehri dam
This is among the recent earthquakes that have been instrumentally recorded and studied
This event killed many people and damaged completely or partially about 48,000 houses
Geologists believe that this earthquake occurred because of a slippage along the Main Central Thrust (MCT), a major tectonic boundary, which also divides lesser Himalayan terrain in the south from the snow clad mountains in the north

Induced seismicity at Koyna

Seismicity associated with the Shivaji Sagar lake formed by the Koyna dam is considered to be a classic example of earthquake activity triggered by reservoirs.
Over hundred cases of reservoir induced seismicity have been reported from all over the world.
Koyna is among the four cases that have generated earthquakes of magnitude >6.0. An earthquake of magnitude 6.3 (1967) and many of magnitude >5.0, have occurred at Koyna.
Seismicity at Koyna shows remarkable correlations with the filling cycles in the reservoir. It is believed that the pore pressure changes induced by the reservoir reduces the strength of the rocks leading to failure along a major fault zone in the vicinity of the dam.

Jabalpur earthquake
An earthquake of magnitude 6.0 occurred on May 22,1997 in the Jabalpur area, Madhya Pradesh
The first major earthquake in peninsular India to be recorded by the newly installed broadband digital stations in the shield region
This earthquake which caused widespread devastation in and around Jabalpur left 48 people dead and many injured and homeless
The earthquake generated a great deal of data that helped to understand the response of various types of structures, offering valuable guidelines in the design and construction of earthquake resistant structures
The spatial association of the Jabalpur earthquake with the Narmada-Son lineament has triggered a lot of interest from the seismotectonic point of view

The Bhuj earthquake (Mw 7.7) ofthe State of Gujarat, is the most January 26, 2001, that occurred in disastrous earthquake in India’s history. While the actual figures of death and injury remain uncertain, going by the official figures, at least 20,000 people were dead and more than 200,000 were injured. Nearly 400,000 houses were destroyed and twice as much damaged. Although damages of such proportion were astonishing, the occurrence of the event itself was not surprising, considering the geologic and seismic history of the region. Seismologists, Drs. Kusala Rajendran and C.P. Rajendran from CESS, visited Bhuj during February 12 to March 5, 2001, for post seismic field observations and to assess the damage pattern and study the response of structures, field effects and aftershock activity. Many aspects about this earthquake make itan exceptional event. Most significantly, this earthquake occurred in a region considered to be part of a Stable Continental Region (SCR)that has already generated a large earthquake in the historic past. The Kutch region forms part of a Mesozoic rift system and has been noted for occurrence of large earthquakes since historic times.

The 1819 and 1956 earthquakes have caused significant damages in the area. Since 1997 CESS had beenstudying the epicentral region around the 1819 earthquake with a view to understand the morphological characteristics of previousdeformation associated with that earthquake and to understand its paleoseismic history. Occurrence of the present earthquake in the region has given an opportunity to study the coseismic deformation and also to compare the effects of the two earthquakes. The CESS team conducted a detailed field investigation in the epicentral area of the Bhuj earthquake and documented major surface effects and liquefaction features generated by the earthquake.

India Meteorological Department (IMD) has located this earthquake at 23.40°N, 70.28°E, using 53 stations forming part of a national grid. The U. S. Geological Survey has used teleseismic data and located it at 23.36°N and 70.34°E. Focus of this earthquake is placed at 24 km by the IMD and 22 km by the USGS. Both these are located north of Bachau, a village that was totally destroyed in this earthquake.
The Bhuj earthquake has also destroyed several historical monuments in the region, dating from 9th century A.D. The Sun Temple at Kotai (11th century A.D.) and the Punvareshwar Temple at Manjal (9th century A.D.) are among the oldest temples that were destroyed. While the Lakhpatji’s Chhatardi (A.D. 1752-61) collapsed completely, Aina Mahal Palace(~ 200 years old) is still standing, with extensive damage. These structures seem to have survived the 1819 and 1956 earthquakes, but the ground shaking was apparently too severe during the recent earthquake. Although the damage was not severe, it is conceivable that the Bhuj earthquake was the largest to have occurred in the close proximity of these structures since 9th century A.D.This earthquake also provided an opportunity to compare the liquefaction features induced by the current earthquake with that of otherearthquakes. Craters observed in the area exposed a major liquefaction event prior to 2001 and we consider this to be due to the 1819 event, based on our previous observationsin several trenches in this area. This event is more dramatic in regions close to the Allah Bund, but small-scale venting episodes prior to 2001 are observed also in the Banni Plains. At this time, most of these craters are wet and the conditions are not ideal for trenching excavations. We plan to take up these at a later stage
(See also)
The 2001 Kutch (Bhuj) earthquake: Coseismic surface features and their significance
Kusala Rajendran* , C. P. Rajendran*, Mahesh Thakkar † and Martitia P. Tuttle ‡ *Centre for Earth Science Studies, P.B. No. 7250, Akkulam, Thiruvananthapuram 695 031, India † Department of Geology, R.R.Lalan College, Bhuj, 370 001, India ‡ M. Tuttle & Associates, Tibbetts Lane, Georgetown, ME 04548, USA

CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 80, NO. 11, 10 JUNE 2001
Seismic zonation map of India
Seismic zonation map of a country is a guide to the seismic status of a region and its susceptibility to earthquakes
India has been divided into five zones with respect to severity of earthquakes. Of these, Zone V is seismically the most active where earthquakes of magnitude 8 or more could occur
Recent strong motion observations around the world have revolutionized thinking on the design of engineering structures, placing emphasis also on the characteristics of the structures themselves
It should be realized that in the case of shield type earthquakes, historic data are insufficient to define zones because recurrence intervals are much longer than the recorded human history
This may often give a false sense of security. Occurrence of the damaging earthquake at Latur, falling in Zone I is a typical example of this situation

EarthQuake in Mumbai

EarthQuake in Mumbai
EarthQuake in Mumbai 17th Sep 2008,


Earthquake in Pune
Earthquake in Pune. July 30th, 2008 ·

Monday, September 15, 2008

Engineers Day.....

Engineers Day 2008

To commemorate the birthday of Bharat Ratna Sir M Visvesvaraya, the Council of the Institution decided to observe September 15 as the Engineers' Day every - 8k - - 50k -
The Engineers’ Day was celebrated on September 16, 2002 at the Institute Auditorium. The Chief Guest, Prof. Ashok Misra, Director, IIT Bombay lit the lamp - 5k -
Engineers Day celebrations on Friday. Staff Correspondent. MANGALORE: The Kodagu, Dakshina Kannada and Udupi Engineers' Association and Institution of
The Hindu Business Line : Engineers Day tomorrow
14 Sep 2004 ... THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The Kerala State Centre of the Institution of Engineers (India) will celebrate the 37th Engineers Day at a function here
14 Sep 2006 ... Happy Engineers Day Technology. ... Wish you all Happy Engineers day. We salute the great mind MV for his Excellency in engineering and
Engineer's Day - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
So 15 September, Engineer's Day 2008, is quite a remarkable tribute to the greatest Indian Engineer Bharat Ratna M. Visvesvarayya.'s_Day
HAPPAY ENGINEERS DAY, I think We celebrating the ENGINEERS DAY on birth day(15-sept) of Mr.M.VISHWESWARAIH,who is first civil engineer. right? Engineers’ Day Awards will be given away on September 15 at the Institution of Engineers (India) on the occasion of Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam the mangalore local centre, established in 1988, currently has a membership of 363 corporate members and 400 student members. he said that engineers' day


Multipurpose Empanelment Form - 2008-09
This is to inform that the Multipurpose Empanelment Application Form for the year 2008-09 has been hosted on the website ...

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Sunday, September 14, 2008

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Rakhi Sawant Wallpapers

Well categorized 24 wallpapers of Rakhi Sawant at 800x600, 1024x768, 1280x1024 and 1280x768 resolution.
Rakhi Sawant is an Indian dancer and actress. A daughter of a senior Mumbai policeman who grew up in Mumbai, she appeared in several music videos and mp3

Rakhi Sawant Site with Latest Hot and Sexy Rakhi Sawant Photos, Pictures, Wallpapers & mp3
Rakhi Sawant

Recently, an item number was choreographed on Rakhi Sawant. This is the first time that the Sex bomb Rakhi Sawant is doing an item number in ‘Muthirai’.

chintakayala ravi songs

Chintakayala Ravi Audio Songs
mp3 Songs
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Chintakayala Ravi Audio Songs, Chintakayala Ravi mp3 Songs, Chintakayala Ravi Video Songs, Chintakayala Ravi Trailers, Chintakayala Ravi ...
Venkatesh’s much-awaited Chintakayala Ravi had its music launch on ... 14 Sep 2008

Wednesday, September 10, 2008

test this?

1. 2. 3. 4. onam greetings 5. black hole pictures 6. large hydron collider 7. bigbang experiment 8. what is big bang 9. 10. onam wishes 11. delhi police 12. bigbang theory 13. onam pictures 14. 15. 16. deathdate 17. lhc machine 18. live lhc 19. meficai 20. gujarat nre coke 21. amitabh bachchan blog 22. maha machine 23. jammu university 24. today news 25. 26. 27. big b blog 28. india tv 29. onam sms 30. 31. hindi news 32. happy onam 33. 34. pan card 35. shriraminsight 36. 37. sterlite industries 38. aaj tak news 39. 40. onam wallpapers 41. onam messages 42. govt of maharashtra 43. icfai distance education 44. istqb 45. onam cards 46. experiment in geneva 47. annamalai university 48. acc cement 49. webcast 50. 51. songs 52. vedanta 53. mp met result 54. 55. lhc experiment 56. rrbajmer 57. sweet sms 58. geneva news 59. onam photos 60. howstuffworks 61. big bang experiment live 62. cern webcast 63. pondicherry university 64. 65. l h c 66. 67. geneva test 68. amarnath 69. onam images 70. onam scraps 71. tally 72. dainik jagran 73. mappp 74. loksatta 75. jeneva 76. 77. bsf 78. geneva time 79. नवभारत टाइम्स 80. ncte 81. pralay 82. lhc test 83. lhc geneva 84. cern live 85. lhc project 86. onam pookalam 87. meaning of lear 88. istqb india 89. birthday message 90. 91. september 10 2008 92. kendriya vidyalaya 93. 94. dainik bhaskar 95. 96. lokmat 97. 98. switzerland time 99. cern website 100. jindal steel and power